Lecture 10.docx

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30 Mar 2012
PSYC18 - Lecture 10
Slide 3
Bodily reaction sustains cognition. Role of the body in shaping and sustaining
Next time something happens, it happens faster.
When we talk about William James, we have 3 pieces to it (1) William says
there are bodily feedbacks that come from face/gut and postural position and
this feedback goes in a feedback loop sustaining the emotion. Bodily reaction
sustains that experience. It’s like a relation among noetic and organic.
Psychodynamic approach says that early from life, certain situations
(involving family, etc.) become symbolic.
Example: hearing conflict between parents and hearing that throughout your
life. That conflict becomes a sub theme of your life. If it’s powerful, you can
become sensitive to it later.
If they are sensitive later on, you know something powerful happened early in
Psychodynamic: (1) Critical events happen early on. They become
paradigmatic for you. (2) These are generally unresolved. You are carrying on
your emotions like a person carrying an emotional baggage.
History becomes emotions that are evocative.
Coping and defense mechanisms.
o Defense mechanisms because it avoids it intensity.
Rational analysis means you put the truth on the table and being dealt with in
responsible manner.
Body feeds the mind and vice versa (you can’t get out of anger/sadness),
then you have to face it.
Slide 5***
Just because you can measure it, doesn't mean it’s real. It can be real for you
but not in an object sense where it implies the truth. Example: going to single
mother’s homes in Reagent Park counting how many books they have at
home to see literacy. But, you’re not asking whether they’re taking the
children for group reading at the library.
2nd point: Different cultures have different notions of what’s true.
When moving from physical to social movement of something, it’s a big step.
Knowing is a human activity of identifying.
If there’s an in-group, there’s an out-group.
Truth is relevant for the knower but we take it for granted.
Knowledge as truth is taken for granted and it is positive knowledge because
people within your group treat it as real and true.
We can be raised with medical biases about the truth. Example: for foot pain,
Israeli doctor giving folk medicine-to take fig leave and squeeze it till the
white stuff comes out and put it on leg.
Slide 6***
If you want to understand a phenomenon (divorce, giving & receiving, health
maintenance), isn’t the logical thing to do, get people that live in that reality
and talk about their experiences and listen very carefully.
No one tell you to look at the world (laboratory).
In order to have real knowledge, you have to be trans-temporal.
Have to take the right attitude and understand the situation. How universal
are situations?
Slide 8
Ontology is the science of being.
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