PSYC18 Lecture 4: Lecture 4
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Dual Process Theory
System 1 - "Emotional System"
always on in the background
does not require much mental effort
requires mental resources
system 1 is the default
using system 1 leads to more honesty regarding morality
Cognitive Reﬂection Task
bat and ball cost $1.10 in total, the bat costs $1.00 more than the ball. How much is the ball?
system 1 thinkers will say 10 cents
system 2 thinkers will say 5 cents
participants who perform better
less likely to believe in supernatural agents (ex. God, angels, devils)
How do emotions affect reasoning?
if you pay attention to emotions, you will make mistakes problem-solving
if you pay attention to your emotions, they will boost reasoning and problem-solving
people want to hear information that confirms their beliefs
prevents people from finding out the truth
When are Emotions Maladaptive?
too many emotions overwhelm us
the key is balance
Emotions in Decision Making
quick and reflexive
reasoning comes later when an emotional reaction has already been formed
useful when cognitive space and time are limited
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