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Lecture 5

PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Sui Generis, Hypothyroidism, Rationality


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
G Cupchik
Lecture
5

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PSYC18 Lecture 5 Feb. 9, 2012
- Emotionality and Rationality goes hand in hand, we just don’t know how
- John Locke: addressed the problem of identity and the experience of a continuous self
o Individuals are described as acting in a calculating manner based on cool desires and the
resulting feelings of pain or pleasure provide feedback as to the success or failure of
their efforts
- All actions are accompanied by feelings and the feelings tell you whether or not you believe
what you did was wrong
- The development of action theory
- John Locke: one of the first few people who talked about the self
- Change “emotion” to “feelings”. “Feelings arise when the process….”
- If you wake up and you’re not feeling well, you are in the state of low arousal, your day’s gonna
“suck”
- Moderate levels of arousal are ideal: Shows performance between action and feeling
- Three themes of Action Theory
o 1) The autonomous self as agent of action the role of will and choice
o 2) Central cortical (versus peripheral visceral) determinants of emotional processes
o 3) Facilitative effects of emotional energy on direction and execution of adaptive
behaviour
- John. B. Watson
o Emotions exist because they have evolutionary value
o Emotions can be dysfunctional if the arousal is too high
o We inherit things that help us survive (in the emotional sense)
Cognition, Arousal and Emotion
- William McDougal and W.B. Cannon
o Instinct: Emotions help us adapt (word we don’t use anymore)
o The body is important because it helps us survive
o You feel the emotion and then you engage in the necessary action in order to survive
- Gregorio Maranon to W.B. Cannon
o Give someone an injection of a double espresso to see what they do
o Hypothyroidism: When they don’t work properly
o 1. The Subjective Perception
“I’m trembling and I don’t know what’s going on”
o 2. Second degree reaction
Psychological affective involvement
You feel an emotion, the body found something to be emotional about
Emotional flux = Emotional experience
21% of the people were worried about something and they linked it with the
vibrating The body fit with something they were worried about
The body and mind worked together to make something called an “emotional
state”
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