PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Verstehen, Wilhelm Dilthey, Natural Science
Psyc18 Lec 3
Objective vs Subjective knowledge.
2 kinds of people. Thought oriented. and feeling/emotion oriented
feeling is a shadow of cognition.
We cant have thoughts without feelings and emotions without thoughts
Feelings, emotions, thoughts are all inter-related.
What kind of rules govern mental activity and bodily activity?
Adaptation is about action – takes us to a biological foundation.
Evolutionary influence. – we evolve depending on needs.
Stimulus Emphasis – vigilant. Know what stimulus are present.
Appraisal – Right or wrong? After acquiring the stimulus
Evaluation – good or bad for me?
Features – specifics
Matching – match them against a list.
Self terminating – terminate the search when we find what we need.
Search for meaning.-
We have a reaction – it brings up memories of the past.
The difference in searching for a meaning is that we are automatically moved. We do
not try to think of it. Like adaptation.
Gestalt – whole situation
Closure – end something.
Exhaustive – complete
Behaviorists - adaptation
Freudian tradition – search for meaning
National history involves observation, precedes experimental science
Naturwissenschaft – physical, search for laws. Left column of action
Geistwissenschaft– meaning and science
Goethe – scientific scholasticism
A sect. – vorstellungsarten – bring objects into relationship
Geothe deals with viewpoints.
The difference in sciences were not specialized
For Goethe – theories tend to break thigns down into little pieces.
Genetic model – how ideas change over time. Always look at phenomena on a whole.
Let things speak for themselves.
We being with phenomenon- theory comes from the understanding of the
Goethe – the experience of color, it depends on each situation.
A fact means that we both agree something occurred.
Gestalt – the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
Wilhelm Dilthey – on the right side of the table experience is a structured whole.
Natural science. – cause and effect
Verstehen – empathy (understanding the life world)