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lecture notes

Course Code
Marc A Fournier

of 3
PSYC35-lec 8
2 assets that are common for all humans: we are motivated to get along and get ahead
power dynamics are real, evident and inevitable; its found in political structures and so
power had broad sweeping affects on all aspects
Berkly published a lot on this, integrated affect, cognition, behaviour and rewards of
power dynamics
people can feel powerful without exercising power, different people define power
we treat power, authority and status as the same thing, this is not true
oie. you can have power without having prominence
oauthority-one can be powerful without holding legitimatized method of authority
odominance-one doesnt have to act dominant to build power
Exam question-how is power different from other constraints
there are things int hew world that determine power
opeople high on extraversion and dominance seen as being powerful
oamong men its height, muscle for women its physical attraction
dyadic variables-one who is powerful is the one who is ready to walk away
othe person can only exhibit power as long as the subordinate person accepts it, the
minute the subordinate person walks out the other persons power doesnt work
consequence-difference in access to power have sweeping effects
behaviour approach system
oaka behaviour activation
oorients us towards rewards in environment (makes us pay more attention)
oas organism we seek these, there is system in us that makes us pay attention to
rewards, encouraged making us eager to go out and find rewards
oautomatic, rapid, changes our thinking, becomes fluid, more likely to use
behaviour avoidance system
oevolved to desensitize us and make us more aware of dangers
oalarm system
oviscerally negative affect ie worry, anxiety
ofeelings to equip escape
othinking slows down, more controlled, behaviour inhibited
both systems believed to be reciprocally inhibited(most vicarious situations require
choosing between rewards and threats in same environment, we need 2 systems)
experience of power is what tips the balance between the 2 systems
omore power more likely to have behaviour approach activated
peoples sense of power is usually a good indicator of actual power
even though they are reciprocally activated, you sometimes need them both
with high power people become more sensitive to power, more enthusiastic, excited,
cognition more rapid(because they can act in world without worrying about
for low social power its the opposite affect, they need to be more mindful about what
they do
power directly related to rewards and freedom in environment(which affects the 2
high power related to positive affect, low power related to negative
the experiment with college students showed that sense of power influenced affect(and it
was clear on the face through expressions)
ofaces in low power situations showed facial pain when teased , high power people
showed smiles
power and cognition
ohigh power people more likely to have rapid thinking, automatic stereotypes
a study looked at integrative structure
olow integrative complexity-where they all agreed
ohigh meant many factors were looked at, more effortful thoughts
osize of majority indicates your power as soon as there is one person who disagrees
there is conflict, integrative complexity is high
power and behaviour
ohigh power free to choose whatever they want, free of consequences
owhat drives behaviour is high poer
ohigh power people act in ways that are consistent with states and traits(you have
ability to behave in ways that expose traits because you are free)
olow power there is less link between traits and behaviour, more constrained, not
going to reflect traits
owhen we are high in power free to express enduring traits, and our momentarily
expressions, with power comes opportunity for state to drive behaviour
fraternity study
otrait of neuroticism directly related to observed behavious in high status
omore likely that someone high on neuroticism less likely to smile(especially if you
were high in sttus)
owith low status, there was low consistencies how neurotic you were and how likely
you were going to smile
in the assigned reading, study one was a failure, focus more on study 2
Anderson study
oThere was internal trait of power and eternal determinism of power
oPower(trait dominance) influenced perceoption of threat
Participants rated themselves and what other person thought(some people
likely to overestimate or underestimate)
oIf you had low trait dominate, overestimate amount of disgust other person felt