lec 07.docx

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17 Apr 2012
Psychoanalytic theory:
Thematic apperception: underlying feelings and stuff comes to the surface
Pleasure principle: you really want to do something but you put it off cuz its appropriate
--- but we need to be in order to measure this in a reliable way and a valid way, but we still see these
reminisce(basically this is seen in ) the MMPI in the content scale and they call it the ego strength, and they test
how robust sense of self , while someone has low ego strength
- they are basically saying there is something that is unconscious (usually woman) that are showing physiology
Psychosomatic medicine: to help partly ill in mind
Phenomenology: is reffered to someones own subjective experience of the world : own perception looking at color,
Carl rogers approach to psychotherapy to let client direct their own lives experience to psychotherapy , and we help
them along the path :
He developed Q - technique: to see changes in self concept : it works like you sit at a table with someone and may
have many cards that have words that could describe that person - ex extraverted, are you gonna put
uncharacteristic? Or very characterisitic
1. Paramilitary sorting: like in situations what would u do
And then u see how q sorting does is see if that’s charcteristic, uncharacteristic
Behavioral or social learning theories: applying techniques we used to use with animals, applied to humans
-> operant learning: to reqward or punish behavior inorder to increase or decrease behavior: forming basis for
therapies for autism: b/c its behavioral condition such as electric show , it gets to learned helplessness: which is ppl
don’t think they have control over thir future or escape
-> classical conditioning:
-> rotter:
- internal-external scale : it measure the internal vs. external
- locus of control
Trait conception of personality:
-> catell: first guy to talk about trait: when he got to specific core factors
Surface trait: broader level of trait -- extraversion
Source trait: individual subtraits: this went into subtraits: -- neuroticism so this is more specific
- he came up with 16 personality factor
-> Eysenck: talked about trait as a dimensional manner : bipolar scale: two end to scale such as going from
extraverted to intro and emotional stability and other side is emotional instability
- the 5 factor model: OCEAN; fundamental lexical hypothesis: is that if u look at the dictionary and look at every
possible to describe personality to rate the traits and there were many traits and used factor analysis and derived 5
- more likely to see behavioral INCONSISTENCY hen CONSISTENCY
- 10 diff scales :
Hs -- concern with bodily symptoms like u have aches
D - depression: difficult eating, concentrating
Hy- being aware of your problem and disability : such as arm being paralyzed and once you know your psychotic
problem its better
Pd - psychopathic: struggle, conflicts
Mf - masculinity/feminity: they should have stereotypical: this was back in the day when homo was considered a
Pa: paranoia: don’t trust ppl
Pt: psychasthenia: when u have worry, anxiety
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