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PSYC39 Lecture 2

Course Code
David Nussbaum

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September 19, 2011
PSYC39 Lecture 2
The Canadian Criminal System
Elements of Legal System Common to Canada & US
-when writing laws, you must be a lawyer to understand specific
conduntations and meanings of the law
-jury focuses on the suffering more so in the US
-projective losses are considered
-lower courts do the bulk of trials regardless if they're civil or criminal
-you can file an appeal if there is an issue with the law that the judge used to
make a decision
-usually won't open up an old case with new found evidence unless it is DNA
-appellate court does not re-try the case; only say whether or not the judge
made an error in applying the law; if there was a mistake they will grant a
new trial
-if someone thinks the appellate court made a mistake, or if the law disagrees
with Constitutional Rights, then it goes to Supreme
-some laywers specialize in appeals (more expensive)
-going from appellate to supreme court takes time; the Supreme court
screens every application that comes in for an appeal, and reject about 90%
of them because they don't look important enough, etc
Philosophy of Canadian Law
-as long as it doesn't venture into slander, its okay
-justice keepers are not supposed to get a free pass; however there are
occasional times when it doesn't happen that way
-laws are intended to carry out social policies of the government; like the
baby bonus (encouraging people to have more children for money)
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