PSYD15H3 Lecture Notes - Autonomic Nervous System, Psychoanalysis, Mirror Neuron

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Published on 25 Sep 2012
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Lecture 3
Decety
Interpersonal sensitivity
Individual differences in personality traits
Developmental & social: Effective response.
Psychoanalysis perspective: Need identification & awareness of own
feelings.
3 components of empathy: 1) Self regulation 2) Affective arousal sharing
3) Emotion understanding
o Bottom up: Involuntary (child crying at daycare & others doing the
same).
o Top down: Cognitive part (understanding what they are going
through). Self-regulation comes here.
Negative emotions had strongest autonomic nervous system.
Zaki
Empathy: related but distinct process through which perceivers relate to
target
3 classes: 1) experience sharing 2) mentalizing 3) prosocial concern.
Progress: different routes to empathy.
o Experience sharing: neural resonance
o Mentalizing: midline and superior temporal structures
Variance in empathic process: contextual & individual
Pitfalls:
o Artificiality: dissociable or interactive.
o Imprecision: psychology & neuroscience. Haven’t made connection
to research.
Promise: foundation has been built.
3 shifts:
o Naturalism
o Brain-behavior links
o Methodological breadth
Combine naturalistic & simplified paradigms.
V.S. Ramachandran
Rizzolatti’s findings: Ventral pre-motor area of the frontal lobes.
Mirror neuron: Insight into human ability to imitate.

Document Summary

Psychoanalysis perspective: need identification & awareness of own feelings. 3 components of empathy: 1) self regulation 2) affective arousal sharing: emotion understanding, bottom up: involuntary (child crying at daycare & others doing the same), top down: cognitive part (understanding what they are going through). Negative emotions had strongest autonomic nervous system. Empathy: related but distinct process through which perceivers relate to target. 3 classes: 1) experience sharing 2) mentalizing 3) prosocial concern. Progress: different routes to empathy: experience sharing: neural resonance, mentalizing: midline and superior temporal structures. Variance in empathic process: contextual & individual. 3 shifts: naturalism, brain-behavior links, methodological breadth. Rizzolatti"s findings: ventral pre-motor area of the frontal lobes.