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PSYA01H3 (829)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Steve Joordens

Lecture 8  Need to communicate results of study o Publishing research through journals o Conferences -> Where people present their latest and greatest while waiting for their paper to be published (years) o Invited Talks -> Scientist talking to general public o Wikipedia Chapter 3  When scientists think about the electrical wiring of the human system, we imagine different subsystems o Peripheral NS & Central NS (Brain and Spinal Cord)  Central where most of the action happens  Peripheral takes messages from Central out to muscles or from sensory systems to Central  Forebrain, Midbrain, hindbrain  Fight of Flight System o When body is relaxed, it is maintained for the long run, but when an unexpected and threatening thing happens such as a lion comes or someone wants to beat you, your whole body goes into a different mode with all your glands and systems working to help you have a fight against it or flee o i.e. Public speaking anxiety is like this because you feel threatened and scared, and same symptoms, you get sweaty, you shake, you are nervous  Systematic desensitization - a process to teach people to relax  When you are anxious, if you can learn to get your mind relaxed, you can't be anxious and relaxed so it overthrows the anxiety  Playing with these two systems  Fighting or fleeing system about short term survival in order to fight or escape this threat  Whole body is ready to have an outburst of energy to survive this threat  You can't stay in this mode or sympathetic mode because it's short term survival, while parasympathetic is about long term survival  Autonomic NS is something the body does without our control, even though there are ways of manipulating it still just happens  Stress is a type of threat and sympathetic system used for a long period of time and parasympathetic cant fix it so you get sick  Somatic NS is under our control and we ca
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