Psychology Lecture 33
Slide 32: There is no single kind of long-term memory (there are around three or more)
Episodic memory- ability to replay past events in your mind. Ex: when recalling the last restaurant they
visited, they recall other information along with it, like the pictures, food, the people you ate with. It’s a
conscious form of memory.
Semantic memory- when people ask you technical questions, like the capital of Manitoba. These are
facts that come to your mind by itself without any extra information. It’s recalling facts and knowledge.
Procedural/ muscle memory- A memory of what the body knows how to do. Ex: riding the bicycle- at
first you are fumbling around when coordinating your body, but after practicing several times, the
motor movements of your body becomes smoother and becomes engrained in your body. The memory
was not majorly conscious but the muscles seem to use them only.
Slide 33: There are contrasts between memory tasks.
Ex: Steve Nash, bb player- when he’s on the floor and decides who to pass the ball to, he doesn’t
retrieve conscious memories but passes instinctively. Implicit memory task: a memory that comes
out without calling on it.
Explicit memory task: the person is trying to remember something (ex: when you’re asked to retell what
happened in a restaurant).
These tasks are used based on what questions the scientists ask. The claim is that we have both
conscious and unconscious memory tasks.
Slide 34: Many words were shown to the people, and was seen as deep or shallow words (ex: how much
do you like this word? This question would be considered a deep word, but asking something like ‘what
taste is this’ is shallow).
An incomplete word will be given after the person read through the list of items, and is asked to
complete the word using what they remembered.
Another experiment is where after reading the list, the person is led to play some tetris, then is
introduced to a word game. They look at the stem and are asked to complete it using the first word that
comes to mind. This one is more implicit memory, because you look at them deeper.
Implicit memory could also be seen as your gut feeling.
Slide 35: The different systems are in different parts of the brain.
Slide 36: There are two kinds of amnesia Retrograde amnesia: Trauma results in loss of me