Psychology Lecture 36 (chapter 9)
Slide 10: Blind sight- People who have damaged part of their primary visual cortex (They see a black spot
in their vision). Consciously they don’t see anything, but if something is placed in that spot, they guess
right. There are paths of vision that go to the conscious, but other that go to the unconscious parts that
the person is unaware of.
Multiple personalities- Usually a shy vs. worldly personalities. Schizophrenia is different from multiple
personalities. It looks like there are multiple people in one body. There is a pattern in it, more prominent
in women. Multiple personalities might be created in traumatic situations. Ex: when the daughter is with
her father when he’s abusive, one side comes out that is tougher that takes in the abuse. When the
father is normal, the daughter switches to the petite, shy version who forgets those situations.
Slide 11: Hypnotists usually tell the people to weave their fingers together and squeeze their hands
together while he talks. He then tells you to release the hand and tells you you can’t release the hand.
The people who listen to what he says will have trouble releasing the hand because they obey.
Two theories why people tend to do crazy stuff in the hypnosis.
1) The hypnotist is allowed to direct what they do. Usually you are under control of their mind, but
there they release themselves to the hypnotist’s control.
2) As we live our lives, we box in our personalities and define them. It’s very tricky way to behave
in a different way, but we will in some cases (ex. When you’re drunk). The alcohol was an excuse
to become someone else, and that’s what hypnosis is as well. By using that excuse they are
protected by their behavior.
The distinction can be based on ethics though, since when you do something that you wouldn’t
do, you don’t cross the line.
The problem is with hypnotism experiments, you can’t endanger the patients or make them cross the
ethical line, so you can’t push them to the limit and see what they would do (ex. Pull the trigger and
shoot a person).
When your body is relaxed, you can use imagery stronger and see things clearer. Ex: Imagine you’re
smoking and lighting up a cigarette and there’s an a