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Lecture 4

Lecture 4.docx

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Steve Joordens

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Lecture 4 (Chapter 1- Slide 11) Slide 11: Freud made an impact on psychology by not focusing on the science models. He was a doctor and used a medical model- they use symptoms to understand the cause of a medical problem, so that the doctor can attack the core of the problem. The same goes for medical doctors. Freud says there are internal drive that pushes you to do something, but they can be quickly satisfied (ex being cold, you put on a jacket). There are some though that cannot be satisfied in the public (ex, when you want to hurt someone, if you want to have sex), so you try to be the appropriate person who avoids sex and aggression. We deny our primitive instincts and hide them in our mind to keep ourselves ‘pure’ and come out in disguised ways to hide our side. (ex the man who turned blind when he saw his wife cheat- he hid it deep inside his mind. He was unaware of the cause, or was even actively unaware by avoiding and denying that he was aware. In order for him to accept that he realizes, the therapist has to slowly dig into his mind, not immediately tell him that he knew) Another example: a girl with a great father, but he comes home drunk once in a while and becomes brutal and abusive. The girl is in a mental state- should she ignore these cases that occur 10% of the time, or accept it as part of him? She would hide the dark side deep inside her mind as traumatic experiences. But how do you test these though? You can’t test these theories; that’s why science frowns upon Freud’s theories because you can’t put it on a test. That’s a general case for all topics that cannot follow the scientific theory- like religion. However, Freud’s theories were accepted by the public, where these dark themes are not as openly acceptable as in today’s society (as in, a child would willingly sleep with their parent). People were fascinated with him talking about sex and aggression nonstop. He really opened up the field of therapeutical psychology. He also pushed the theories on conscious and unconscious. He emphasized the unconscious well and now psychology look into the unconscious influences too (like you do something so often that the habit leads you to do something unconsciously) Slide 12: These psychological studies are performed in North America, and some in Europe, so there might be cultural differences for other groups. Strong behaviouralists believed in science- measure and manipulate things and do not talk about perception, memory and consciousness. Instead, they experiment on animal
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