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Psych - Lecture 2.doc

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Steve Joordens

September 14, 2012 Psychology A01: Lecture 1.2: The Birth and Early Years • Why Germany, why then? They were powerful during the wars because of their military and economy. If people want to try something new, they were able to get backed up by the government. • Hermann von Helmholtz – measuring speed of neural impulses. He wanted to know how fast signals travelled in our body, considering the wiring. He experimented hand-to-hand signals. (Humans are slower than machines, but we can do more) • Ernst Weber – psychophysics- took notion of physics (how things move and natural laws) and applied it to our consciousness. Experimented putting weights in people hands, and whether people could detect the difference in weights. Ratio allowed people to know the difference in weights, sound, and light– Weber constant. Eg. 1:10. Thus we can apply mathematics. • Wilhelm Wundt was the first to refer to himself as a psychologist • He wrote the first psychology textbook “The Principles of physiological Psychology” 1898 (nerve tissues, and what that tells us about our mind) • Loved introspection- look inside one’s mind- founded what is termed the structuralist approach, not generally accepted. Experimented with the conscious experience through asking subjects about their non-verbal experience when reacted to certain things. • Germans didn’t accept psychology as a science, they believed strongly in empiricism. Structuralism cannot be experimented because other subjects are trusted to tell us their non-verbal experience. • Charles Darwin’s notion of evolution went against many people’s religion. • Biology- categorizing new found species. Darwin wasn’t concerning with knowing what they look like, he wanted to know why they looked that way. He learned those features and abilities enabled the survival
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