September 17, 2012
Psychology A01: Lecture 1.3: Science and Therapy: Psychologies Recent Past
Why did scientifically minded psychologists hate Freud so much? It’s all
about the lack of testable theories. He left the scientific perspective. He came
up with theories to explain why people were doing what they were doing and
treated them. But could not be scientifically tested. Eg. Repression
mechanism- bad memory caused blindness. He thought the solution was out
of scientific treatment.
For clinicians, does the client feel better? Freud felt he was on the right track
when his patients said they felt better. But people will say yes because it is
our duty, or purpose of getting help. For scientists, it is do you have a theory
that leads to predictions we can test.
Religion = Freud. They have ideas, theories that describe a way of living,
mental healthiness. Outside science.
Freud’s theories are becoming more scientific
The European Reaction
Gestalt Psychology- trying to understand the laws underlying our amazing
ability to acquire and maintain stable percepts in a noisy world
Gestalt – the whole is more than its parts (Flipped)
Notion behind this psychology – what we perceive in our minds is more than
what we perceive of the world. We try to make sense of what we see – magic.
Eg. Pac man VS triangle, torso VS full body
They saw Freud as someone who saw humans as sexual and aggressive.
People believed that humanity is better than this- they found what was
special about us.
Also “humanistic psychology” was born largely as a direct counter response
to Freud’s … focusing on the positive aspects of humanity. Eg. Caring, loving,
Pro-social behaviors – strengthen social bonds Eg. Charity, helping
Eg. Promoting positive social bonds, bully helping victim
Psychotics – anti social behavior Eg. Isolation, inconsiderate
The North American Reaction
Shunned all discussion of any psychological concept that couldn’t be directly
and objectively measured and or manipulated
Consciousness, attention, memory, percep