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Lecture

Somatoform, Anxiety, Dissociative.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA02H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Semester
Winter

Description
Mental Tightrope Mental health is not just an individual thing, a presence or absence of something that causes mental illness – everyone has a little bit of many disorders. But most people can find a balance. It’s when things become maladaptive that we become ‘mentally ill’ Somatoform Disorders A person is classified as having a somatoform disorder when they consistently complain of bodily (health) problems which appear to have no physiological basis. Somatization Disorder – (<1%W, 0%M)  more occurring in women  Chronic  Wide-ranging complaints of health issues (without basis)  Complaints must include at least 13 (of 35) symptoms  Must have lead to meds, doctor visits, or changes in life  Typical consults with multiple physicians, regularly!  Similar to, but different from, hypochondriasis o Hypochondriacs – they become ‘ill’ after they’ve heard of a current disease going around)  Runs in families, related to alcoholism in males? (so when men get it, they usually become alcoholics too) A person is classified as having a somatoform disorder when they consistently complain of bodily (health) problems which appear to have no physiological basis.  This was what Freud studied  Not as common a disorder as it was when Conversion Disorder  Blindness, deafness, loss of feeling, paralysis (neurological)  Must be associated with a psychological trigger  Effects men and women equally  Classically understood via psychoanalytic theory  Difference from malingering o Malingering = faking an illness o In this case, people aren’t faking. They truly believe they have the illness and act as if that it is they are living it – it is real to them. Anxiety Disorders Panic Attacks (1.6%, Women twice as likely) These come from the amygdala – the section of your brain that deals with threats. It then kicks in the somatic symptom, giving you the effects. It also kicks in the hippocampus, forcing you to remember what caused this panic so you don’t have to face it again.  Usually works pretty well. But there are random firin
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