PSYA02 March 20, 2013
A person is classified as having a personality disorder if their abnormalities of behaviour
impair their social or occupational functioning
Anti-Social Personality Disorder
Maybe a more extreme version of Ant-Social Personality Disorder.
Kind of like schizophrenics – they don’t want to take their medication. However,
the schizophrenics don’t want to take them due to the effects… they will take
them at one stage. Psychopaths refuse to even be treated because they like the
way they are.
Psychopaths are more dangerous to other people than they are to themselves
Psychopaths are often drawn to each other – they validate each other’s mindset
Theory of Mind and Empathy
Theory of Mind – All of us constantly creating mental models of the people we know.
How you would react, think, in certain situations. This underlies empathy.
Empathy – feel what other people are feeling
Psychopaths are very intelligent. They
are excellent with Theory of Mind
however, they can’t feel empathy.
They can fake it but they can’t truly
This is more for Anti-Social
Personality Disorder, not just
psychopathy PSYA02 March 20, 2013
Shock – Wrong – Cash Experiment
Used to test with psychopaths
Shocked whenever wrong
o They don’t learn from this
Given money for right answers
o This is what they learn from because they want the money.
Often come from bad family backgrounds where they’ve had a lot of punishment.
Lack of love and empathy towards them – making them less social
Childhood problems have made them impervious towards empathy and emotion. Has
sort of blocked them from being empathy/social.
Borderline Personality Disorder
Are usually abandoned early in life and spend the rest of their life trying to avoid being
efforts to resist perceived abandonment (minor changes)
intense but short-lived relationships
o Self-fulfilling prophecy: they think they are going to abandoned so they try
everything not to be abandoned. They then end up being abandoned for
the way they act.
sudden shifts in self-image (goals, values, aspirations)
o They want people to love them so they try to fit into any forms so that they
will be loved.
impulsivity (irresponsible spending, binging, substance)
suicidal or self-mutilating behaviour
Other Personality Disorders
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Be easily hurt when people criticize or disapprove of them
Hold back too much inintimate relationships
Be reluctant to become involved with people
Avoid activities or jobs that involve contact with others
Be shy in social situations out of fear of doing something wrong PSYA02 March 20, 2013
Make potential difficulties seem worse than they are
Hold the view they are not good socially, not as good as other people, or
Dependant Personality Disorder
Avoiding being alone
Avoiding personal responsibility
Becoming easily hurt by criticism or disapproval
Becoming overly focused on fears of being abandoned
Becoming very passive in relationships