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Psychology - Session 8

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Steve Joordens

Psychology – Session 8  social development  infant level  overlaps with parenting  majority of social cues (in a young child’s life)  notion  parenting style and early interactions  formative effect on how child ends up  interacting socially  being  human babies are weak  infants could not survive alone  notion  humans are social beings  species allows babies to develop due to an assumption  assumption that caring adults will nurture child in social manner  sets stage for social interactions  bidirectional  baby begins to smile after approx. five weeks  give and take  before five weeks, there is no give and  notion that mothers would bail on child  evolutionary story when females would often bail  children would often die and genes would not continue  evolved from generations from parents that provided caring  maternal instincts, especially females (desire to protect, put up with no sleep to get child through first year and months of life)  partial to developing relationship between mother and child  social side for providing security and warmth  skin contact  sucking  food and comfort  cuddling  security  studies by Harlow  looking  eye contact initiates interactions  smiling and giggling  approx. five weeks  seeing child happy  crying  negative reinforcement  mothers pick up babies  babies do not cry for no reason at first  afterwards, babies cry for no reason  boredom or irritation  babies learn to cry whenever  mothers need to learn to not go to baby every single time  tricky social thing  Harlow  studies with babies monkeys  results of studies  the cuddling effect is powerful  face  important social cue  one of the first things babies attend to  still face experiment  mother plays with baby  baby plays back with mother  mother does not respond  baby gets stressed and agitated  interaction with baby is learned  mothers practice it often  fathers often do not practice it  Mary Ainsworth  quality of child’s attachment to caregiver  stranger anxiety  how does child behave when stranger enters context  separation anxiety  how does child behave when mother leaves  when mother returns,
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