Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders 4/11/2013 12:44:00 PM
o Estimates suggest that 1 in 5 people suffer from mental disorders.
o Only 30% people of people actually go see a doctor and that usualy is a
family doctor rather than a specialist.
o Barries arise for the treatment that is may be embrassing and that it may be
o When seek help they oftern don’t find the best help.
o Treatments can be divided broadly into two kinds: psychotherapy, in which
a person interacts with a psychotherapist, and medical or biological
treatments, in which the mental disorder is treated with drugs or surgery.
o Mental illness is often misunderstood, and because of this, it too often goes
o Untreated mental illness can be extremely costly, affecting an individual’s
ability to function and also causing social and financial burdens.
o Many people who suffer from mental illness do not get the help they need;
they may be unaware that they have a problem, they may face obstacles to
getting treatment, or they simply may not know where to turn.
o Treatments include psychotherapy, which focuses on the mind, and medical
and biological methods, which focus on the brain and body.
o Goal of psychoanalysis is for the client to understand the unconscious in a
process Freud called developing insight
Free Association. In free association, the client reports every thought
that enters the mind, without censorship or filtering. This strategy allows
the stream of consciousness to flow unimpeded.
Dream Analysis. Psychoanalysis treats dreams as metaphors that
symbolize unconscious conflicts or wishes and that contain disguised
clues that the therapist can help the client understand.
Interpretation. This is the process by which the therapist deciphers the
meaning (e.g., unconscious impulses or fantasies) underlying what the
client says and does. Interpretation is used throughout therapy, during
free association and dream analysis, as well as in other aspects of the
Analysis of Resistance. In the process of “trying on” different
interpretations of the client’s thoughts and actions, the analyst may suggest an interpretation that the client finds particularly
o Sex and aggression was a theory; that the disorder that happen because of
sex and aggression. Sigmund Freud.
o Psychodynamic approaches emphasize unconscious drives toward sex and
aggression, as we noted earlier.
o Many other psychologist broke away from this by adding theory, change,
lack of skill, interpersonal relations.
o psychodynamic psychotherapy, which emphasizes early developmental
processes as the source of psychological dysfunction,
behavioral and cognitive treatments emphasize the current factors
that contribute to the problem
three examples of behavior therapy techniques in action
o Eliminating Unwanted Behaviors: M aking the consequences less
reinforcing (no candy) and more punishing (a period of time-out
in the car while the parent watches from nearby rather than
providing a rush of attention) could eliminate the problem
o Promoting Desired Behaviors. In a psychiatric hospital, patients
may sometimes become unresponsive and apathetic,
withdrawing from social interaction and failing to participate in
o Reducing Unwanted Emotional Responses. One of the most
powerful ways to reduce fear is by gradual exposure to the
feared object or situation, a behavioral method originated by
psychiatrist Joseph Wolpe (1958).
focuses on helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking
about self, others, or the world
Cognitive restricting is a way to examine the belief and prove that the
client is a certain way.
As we as reduce the emotions that are unwanted.
Some forms of cognitive therapy include techniques for coping with
unwanted thoughts and feelings, techniques that resemble meditation
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy : It is problem focuses and action oriented and the pscholigts tires to
assists them to sop the cetin mood.
CPT; transparent I that nothing is with held from the client and
therefore they known what they have been treated with.
Humanistic and existential therapies
Humanistic and existential therapies assume that human nature is
generally positive, and they emphasize the natural tendency of each
individual to strive for personal improvement.
The person centered theory mirrors what the client says.
Creating empathy and creating a trusting environment.
Is something to brig awareness and create a warm environment.
Emphasizes the behavior and situation that happen now.
As well as putting their feelings into actions.
Is the main concept of where both parenter show up and as well focus
on the members together.
Therapy within the whole family organization and interactions.
Interactions within all individuals.
It is seen to bring the people together who have similar issues.
This is helpful because human live off each other to know that their not
alone in their suffering.
Group therapy may have problems because survival of the fittest will
happen in the group, leader, followers, and in-between.
Some may not get enough attention.
Psychodynamic therapies, including psychoanalysis, emphasize
helping clients gain insight into their unconscious conflicts.
Behavior therapy applies learning principles to specific behavior
problems; cognitive therapy aims at challenging irrational thoughts.
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) merges these approaches.
Humanistic approaches (e.g., person-centered therapy) and existential
approaches (e.g., Gestalt therapy) focus on helping people to
develop a sense of personal worth. Group therapies target couples, families, or groups of clients brought
together for the purpose of therapy.
Medicines for Psychology disorders
Dopamine drugs are good but the relive some symptoms.