1) The sudden loss of memory for significant personal information, often involving trauma, is known as:
ANS: dissociative amnesia
2) Which mental disorder involves disturbances in emotion?
ANS: Phobic disorders and depressive disorder
3) The prisoner’s dilemma game is a measure of :
ANS: the costs and benefits of mutual cooperation
4) What determines a person’s sexual orientation for same or opposite sex the most?
5) Steven Pinker(2007) argues that when it comes to violence and its history with the human species:
ANS: we are becoming less violent, more caring, and gentler
6) Cheese addict, Raj, seeks help to wean himself off dairy products. A clinical psychologist advises him
to slowly replace cheese with non-dairy snacks. To help him with that, she instructs Raj to et a fruit
or a salad every time he feels the desire to eat cheese. This approach involves a :
ANS: cognitive- behavioral therapy
7) What brain abnormality would be expected occur in schizophrenia?
ANS: Extensive tissue loss
8) Which fore species on earth are considered ultra-social-living in large societies in which large number
of individual cooperate for mutual benefit?
ANS: Hymenoptera (bee, ants, wasps), termites, naked mole rat, humans
9) An abnormal regulation of is thought to play a major role in the etiology of depression.
10) Van Honk & Schutter (2007) found that testosterone:
ANS: Decreases people’s sensitivity to threat
11) What is the name of the consensual diagnostic system used for assessing mental disorders?
ANS: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder
12) Allport and colleagues argue that stereotyping
ANS: Is a useful social mechanism that we regularly use 13) Abnormal thoughts, feelings or emotion must be to qualify symptoms of a mental disorder.
ANS: persistent, harmful, and uncontrollable
14) The diffusion of responsibility says that:
ANS: individuals feel less responsibility for their actions when they are surrounded by others who are
acting in the same way
15) Which disorder is characterized by the sudden loss of memory for one’s personal history,
accompanied by an abrupt departure from home?
ANS: dissociative fugue
16) What disorder is speculated to be a “mild form of schizophrenia”?
ANS: Schizotypal personality disorder
17) Phoebe notices that her husband’s depression subsided ever since he started taking Prozac. She
concludes that the causes of depression were eliminated. What does her conclusion reveal about
her or her reasoning?
ANS: intervention- causation fallacy
18) What feature characterizes personality disorders?
ANS: Failure to take other people’s perspectives, particularly on the self
19) After checking if he turned off his appliances, David experiences repetitive thoughts that he may
have forgotten to turn off his iron. Anxious about the possibility, he checks repeatedly if the iron is
unplugged. His behavior and anxiety are characteristic o