1) Children gave up more easily on difficult tasks, and had higher blood pressure when their school:
Ans: Was exposed to loud, repetitive noise
2) IN the approach, the origin of psychological disorders is sought in the failures to reach one’s
potential. In the approach, the origin of disorder is sought in failures to find meaning in life.
Ans: Humanistic; Existential
3) An interaction between the mind and body that produces illness is a illness.
4) Being severely obsessed with the possibility of illness, and overblowing the significance of minor
symptoms is symptomatic of:
5) A tendency to respond to stress with anger and hostility is significantly correlated with diseases
affecting this system:
6) Patients often fail to follow doctors’ prescriptions when treatments are:
7) What part of the brain is responsible for understanding the attributes of other people?
ANS: Medial prefrontal cortex
8) During psychoanalysis, Maya is asked to report every thought that enters her mind, without
censorship. When she stops, the therapist encourages her to continue. The purpose of this therapy is to:
ANS: look for recurring themes in thinking
9) Noise, traffic, crowding, pollution and the threat of harm are examples of in big cities.
ANS: Chronic stressors
10) In an experiment, participants were placed near cookies- one group was allowed to eat cookies,
while another was restricted to vegetables. When given an impossibly difficult tracing task, what was
ANS: Cookie eaters persevered
11) Louis Thurstone(1938) posited a few stable and independent mental abilities such as perceptual
ability, verbal ability, and numerical ability, which he called: ANS: primary mental abilities
12) in a classic study, seven scholars reported to mental hospitals, complaining of hearing voices. What
was the reaction of hospital staff when- after being admitted to a hospital- each scholar reported that
the symptom had ceased?
ANS: Hospital staff was reluctant to identify these ”patients” as normal. The scholars were eventually
released with the diagnosis, “schizophrenia in remission”
13) Antipsychotic medications are believed to block receptors in the of the brain.
ANS: Dopamine; Subcortical structures
14) Prescription privileges for licensed psychologists would allow a psychotherapist to combine
ANS: Psychotherapy; medication
15) the tendency for infants to move their mouths towards an object that touches their cheeks is due to
ANS: Rooting reflex
16) This aspect of a doctor’s bedside manner is known to be important, but is also known to be
17) The empty chair technique and role-playing to become aware of one’s thoughts, behaviors,
experiences and feelings, are a part of therapy
18) Two well-documented factors that might contribute to lower obesity levels in France (as compared
to the United State) are:
ANS: Serving size and eating speed
19) Several comparies that manufacture SSRIs marketed their drugs as treatment for depression and
anxiety disorder. Their drugs the amount of in the synapses.
ANS: Increase; serotonin
20) Antipsychotic drugs that decrease activity in the mesolimbic area of the brain, fail to reduce
symptoms in schizophrenia .
ANS: Dopamine; negative 21) During free-association, Finch refuses to continue