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Lecture 19

Lecture 19.docx

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Steve Joordens

PSYA02 Behavioural and Cognitive Behavioural Therapies - Therapies that were inspired by the insight therapy Therapies based on Classical Conditioning Many anxiety disorders (e.g., phobias) are thought to have developed via classical conditioning Thus, it should also be possible to use classical conditioning to counter these disorders Systemic Desensitization – a technique designed to eliminate the unpleasant emotional response by the feared object or situation and replace it with an incompatible one…relaxation 1. Relaxation - Learn to relax - Associate the feeling with a trigger - Practice using the trigger 2. Hierarchy of Fears - Create hierarchy - Go through it slowly, using trigger - One cannot progress until they can remain relaxed on the previous step Example: Public speech being broken down into a hierarchy of fears, starting with the lowest point with the trigger and ending with the highest point In Vivo Exposure: Forcing clients to directly face their fears until their fears extinguish…very stress, though not dangerous…usually - Idea is that eventually the fear is almost nothing Imaginal Exposure: Same idea, except it relies on graphic imagery rather in vivo experience (virtual reality) - Example would be a person under hypnosis Aversion Therapy: Pairing a noxious (aversive) stimulus with some undesired behaviour - Example would be pairing violence with illness - The idea would be the person would have the negative stimulus when seeing any undesired behaviour which would otherwise be good to the patient Reinforcement of Adaptive Behaviours: If an incompatible behaviour exists, it can be posit
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