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Lecture 18

Note for Lecture 18 on personality (ch14): psychosexual development, disorders, hierarchy of needs

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John Bassili

PSYA02 Chapter 14 Personality Lecture 18 Slide 11: Psychodynamic Approach: diverse sources of energy interact dynamically in each of us. (dynamic = energy; has to do with the interplay between elements of psychi and how that interplay requires energy.) Sigmund Freud is the most famous proponent of this view. Freuds psychoanalytic theory begins with the idea that the mind exists on two basic levels: conscious (ego, superego: the more relative part of the self; work to channelrestrain impulses) and unconscious (id: what is happening in the id is not open to our perceptionappreciation). Freud believed that the mind has 3 basic structures; 3 important forces that are at play all the time in determining what we do, how we think, and things we feel: - Id: troublemaker; unconscious irrational source of primitive impulses; the Id wants gratification, provides motivation in the form of hungersexual urges, etc, to satisfy the urge for pleasure in instinctual manner; functions on the basis of the pleasure principle - Ego: conscious and realistic; rational part of self; puts constraints on the Id; functions of the basis of the reality principle - Superego: both conscious and unconscious. Based on rules and prohibitions we have internalized; moralethic considerations (persons conscience) in regulating the Ids impulses The interplay between the superego, ego, and id requires mental energy. In regulating the impulses of the id, the superego says what we cannot do, the ego says what we should be reasonable about when energy is taken into that interplay, the individual becomes susceptible to mental illnesses (because all of the energy is being spent dealing with conflicts within the individual) Slide 12: Defence Mechanisms (i.e. reaction formation, projection, sublimation, rationalization); conflicts created by the ids strong impulses and the inhibitions imposed by the ego and superego can be very upsetting; when we have impulses that need to be regulated, we invoke mechanisms
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