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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Bassili

Lecture 18 o Psychodynamic approach o What shapes our personality o Things that happened to us in early years- shapes who we become o Why? Psychodynamics Psycho- energy( interplay bw elements of the brain and its energy) Important things in childhood that the child is fixated on or takes with them as they grow older o According to this approach, diverse sources of psychic energy interact dynamically in each of us o Sigmund Freud is the most famous proponent of this view Uses mental energy o Freuds psychoanalytic theory begins with the idea that the mind exists on two basic levels: conscious and unconscious o Freud believed that the mind has 3 basic structures: o Bw 3 elements of the self that are at play all the time and determine the way we think and what we do Id: unconscious irrational source of primitive impulses o The ID- trouble maker place in self where all of our impulses come from wants gratification pleasure principle when it wants something it wants it now at some level we all have desires provides motivation to satisfies the desire for pleasure in an instinctual manner unconscious- more of an instinct, but not open to our perception Ego: conscious and realistic (respects reality principle) Ego= rational part of self Reality principle Understands reality Puts constraints on the ID bc the person realizes that the pleasure principle by it self will have negative consequences More conscious- more reflected part of the cell Superego: conscious and unconscious. Based on rules and prohibitions we have internalized Moral principle
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