Class Notes (811,155)
Canada (494,530)
Psychology (7,646)
PSYB01H3 (260)
Anna Nagy (133)
Lecture 3

PSYB01 Lecture 3.pdf

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Anna Nagy

1 Lecture 3: Studying Behaviour The Research Process: 1. Research Idea: Topic => library research => hypothesis 2. Define and measure variables: must be reliable and valid 3. Identify participants or subjects: which ones? How many? Ethics 4. Determine which strategy will best answer question: experimental, quasi-experimental, correlational, or descriptive study (consider limitations of each) 5. Choose specific research design: between or within subjects? Single subject? Factorial design? 6. Do the study (collect your data) 7. Analyze your data (descriptive and inferential statistics) 8. Write paper (APA; remember ethical consideration) =>cultural and religious implications surrounding topic; behaviors; etc. 9. Assess original idea: alter, refine, expand... Topic to Library Research: • look for specific studies that address the topic you’re researching • what’s already been done in the field • if already done, attempt to replicate it • change methodology, if something doesn’t seem right to your => with justification • build on it => what’s left unaddressed • Elements of a Good Hypothesis: • Logical • Testable • Refutable • Positive • Logical Hypothesis: • founded in theory or developed from past study results • Premise 1:Academic success is highly valued and respected in society (at least by parents and teachers) • Premise 2: Being valued and respected by others contributes to high self-esteem. • Conclusion/hypothesis: Higher levels of academic success will be related to higher levels of self-esteem. • Testable Hypothesis: • should be able to observe and measure all important variables (cannot be imaginary, hypothetical, or belief based (i.e. GOD)) • Refutable Hypothesis: • must be able to falsify predictions that stem from hypothesis • are the following hypotheses suitable? • the more sins a person commits, the less likely she is going to heaven • abortion is morally wrong • if people could fly, there would be substantially fewer cases of depression 2 • the human mind emits thought waves that influence other people, but cannot be measured or recorded in any way • don’t prove things are like this, but rather things aren’t this • Positive Hypothesis: • should state that something (usually a relationship between two variables) exists (premise of hypothesis testing is that we assume it doesn’t exist) • don’t predict something will be absent ... rather assume something will be there and figure out how to look for it • negative relationship- one goes up while the other goes down • positive relationship- one goes up and the other goes up • Variables: • event, situation, behaviour, or individual characteristic that varies • must have two or more levels or values • may be quantitative or categorical • Four General Categories: • Situational variables • Response variables • Participant or subject variables
More Less

Related notes for PSYB01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.