Class Notes (834,364)
Canada (508,503)
Psychology (7,776)
PSYB01H3 (260)
Lecture 2

2012.09.20 PSYB01H3 week 2 .docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Connie Boudens

2012-09-20 Psyb01h3 week 2 Getting started with research!! - Recalling the picture of circle last lecture Getting initial ideas  Look around you! o Direct observation: the things you see in your environment;  One important thing here: Question what you usually take for granted  Especially when it comes to human behaviour  For example: if you are in a store, you have insert the chip to pay; ppl doing different things: cover the pin enter, or changing body position or other; why do they do this? Or in different situation, they cover their pin or other. But in this case you may turn these into research questions. o Stories in newspapers, magazines, websites  : Tuxedo Stan for Mayor, because neglect isn’t working a cat o Blogs : ppl write their life story in their blogs. check the link from the PPT slide  Anything make you wonder could turn into your research topic  Common sayings: ex: 3 ppl living together always make a 3 person out….. you may come up some question like these: o Does this really happen? (is it true?) o Could I research this – what question might it translate into? Is it testable/provable?  You need find sth that you transfer into a research question with scientific ideas o Under what conditions might this hold or not hold?  Different situation matters in the same topics o Ex: Absence makes the heart grow fonder  You could transfer this into a research question: phycial separation make ppl more like other ppl?  What is the affective of time separation good for a couple or not?  This could be a whole research question: related researches: distanced couples  You may want to see difference in same sex couple, or ppl in different age and in different countries  The funnies!: o  When ppl go to fridge, do they actually want food or just thinking  A research question: how often ppl go to fridge? Are they really looking for food? Or how many patterns come up in mind but not just food?  Extend previous research: ppl build up on previous researches in psychology; to stand, or twist, or to expand on other countries or other group of ppl o What are the questions that were left unanswered by study X? check the link from the PPT slide  Research showed that the actually physical contact with care giver is very beneficial for new born baby.  Does the second care giver has the similar effect? Male or female care giver matters or not?  This is the question left unanswered so that you may expand on this question… o Are there additional variables I could add, or different conditions I could look at? Narrowing it down:  after you get your initial downthis is where students have problems in!!! for example, I am interested in certain topic like love, but it is very broad idea, and you need something more specific!  Be specific about what you want to research!  Bad o I want to study love o I want to find out if talent is inherited o Why do so many people think Obama is Muslim? (why this is bad???)  Better o I’m interested in the development of love relationships that start online o I’d like to know if the ability to match pitch is mostly genetic or mostly learned o I’m interested in why people are less likely to question information that is consistent with their beliefs  Don’t ramble on and on – narrow it to one OR 2 sentences –get some advice on this to help you to focus on one specific topic  Use sentence stems or fill-in-the-blanks o I’m interested in the relationship between ____ and ___. o I’d like to investigate the effect of ____ on ____. Ex: a type of music Vs level of exercise o I want to see if ____ has the same effect on ____ under these conditions:_____. Ex:pop music Vs observation Vs spin class …. o Is the influence of ____ on ____ the same for women as for men? Ex: massage VS relaxation Searching the literature  Why is this necessary? o History of research in the area: you have to know what other ppl had done this area o Establish case for project / build rationale: you don’t necessary to have a valid value on ur research but you need a reason of doing this o Make sure it hasn’t already been done o Can be a source of ideas in itself  Best ways to start o Library web page  Talk with the librarians; ppl in the reference library  We could make appointment with the librarians to help you with ur research topics  On line tutorials o PsychInfo o Google scholar (still need to look up article)  Keywords o Refer to texts o Use keywords in references to access more articles on same  What exactly is “the literature”? if you are not sure about whether is a scholar article check with TA/instructors/librarians o Scholarly books and papers that describe theory or report on research findings  Journal articles  Book chapters or entire books  Dissertations 专题论文  Papers presented at conferences  Not news paper or magazine articles  What are journal articles? o Scholarly papers published in academic journals  Submitted to journal by researcher / author  Accepted or rejected by journal editor  So the articles should be critiqued and reviewed  Parts of a journal article o Abstract  Short summary of contents of article o Introduction  Sets up problem  Discusses shortcomings in present understanding of problem, describes how study will try to overcome some of them  Introduces hypothesis(es) o Method  Describes in exact detail how study was conducted  Must allow for replication o Results  Details the outcome of study, reports statistical analyses of the data o Discussion  Restates the results, relates them to the original goals  Practical and theoretical implications  Limitations o References  List of sources  Reading empirical articles o If the abstract is too complex, the paper will be too. o Skim article to see how it is set up o Read discussion section first o Take brief notes o Skip sections you don’t understand and reread later Developing a Hypothesis  A good hypothesis is: o Testable o Specific o About a specific relationship (there must be a comparison or contrast bt two or more things) o About a particular population o Are these good hypotheses?  Soccer players are better athletes than football players  No. cuz the skills for these two are different so that it is not comparable;  So that you have to break down more details to be more specific  Our subconscious motivates most of our act
More Less

Related notes for PSYB01H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.