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PSYB10H3 (544)

Lecture 2

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

THE SELF & SELF-REGULATION Lecture 2 SELF-REGULATION: SELF-REGULATION The strategies used to control (regulate) your behaviour Pursuit of a long-term goal Monitor your response to environmental stimuli DELAY OF GRATIFICATION The ability to forgo an immediate reward for a larger, future reward Mischel (1966), aka “The Bing Study”Method: - Children are shown either oreos or marshmellows (depending on what they like) they are told that they have to wait for thirty minutes and at the end they will get double. They are left in a room alone with a plate of either the oreos or the marshmellows in front of them. Researchers see how long it takes them to ring the button. Long-Term Outcomes of the Ability to Delay Gratification: Later in life, those who can delay gratification: -Higher verbal and math SAT scores -Parents rated the children as: Better able to concentrate Better able to cope with frustration and stress -Parents and teachers rated the children as: Greater cognitive and social competence ratings SELF-REGULATORY STRATEGIES Self-Distancing How do you recall negative emotional events? Self-immersed perspective Recall event in the first-person (i.e., from the perspective of your own eyes) Self-distanced perspective Recall event in the third-person (i.e., from the perspective of an observer) Experiment: Method: 90 participants 1: Baseline Blood Pressure 2: Anger Manipulation (remember something that mad you mad) 3: Regulation Strategy (either remember from first or third person view) 4: Reactivity BP & Emotion Survey Results: The people that remembered from first person, they were more angry and had a higher blood pressure Emotion Regulation Self-regulation specific to the control of emotional experience 3 Primary Strategies: -Suppression - Response-focused -Reappraisal - Antecedent-focused -Situation Selection - Antecedent-focused Suppression: Inhibiting emotion expressive behaviour while emotionally aroused Reappraisal Interpreting potentially emotion-releva
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