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Lecture 5

Social Psychology Lecture 5.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Social Psychology Lecture 5- Group Processes Power of Social Roles--Film: Quiet Rage-Stanford Prison Experiment - No psychological differences between the students selected to be guards and those to be prisoners - First Day: the prisoners were picked up in a cop car and taken to prison - But they still didn’t feel like prisoners and the guards still didn’t feel superior - Day 2: the prisoners started to rebel and the guards started to take measures - Day 3: the guards started to be more strict and the prisoners were now becoming more rebellious - The guards used psychological - Prisoners- aggression , braking down, or obedience - Guards- kind and sympathetic, normal, or sadistic Group Cohesiveness - People perceived groups to be cohesive - Social groups, social norms, and how cohesive the group is - The cohesiveness of a groups affects how people in the group like each other How do Groups Affect Us - Social Facilitation- focus on how the presence of others affects our performance - Group decision making - Deindividuation - Bad Groups Social Facilitation - If you perform something in front of others you will perform it better than if you practiced by you self - Something the presence of others inhibits your performance Social Loafing - People slack off in a group when being evaluated in a group. If you can be individually evaluated then you do better - Depending if the individual perceives the task to be complex or, simple or well learned Evaluation - Evaluation apprehension –how you think you will be evaluated - Socio-evaluative threat- extreme evaluation apprehension; people know they will be evaluated and they can’t take it so their body releases cortisol and negatively affects their performance. Putting It All Together - Chart Group Decision Making - Group Polarization - Group Think - Jury Decision Making Group Polarization - People in groups have m
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