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PSYB10H3 Social Psychology lecture notes.docx

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

PSYB10H3 Social Psychology Wednesday September 15 2010ABCs of social psych A Affect emotions moods feelings any emotional feeling B is Behaviourwhat we study most is behaviour verbal and non verbal actions C is for cognitionthought perceptionprocessing and memorySocial psych def from Allport influenced by the actual imagined or implied presence of others implied presence can also change behaviour how ppl are changed by other pplMonkey slidethese monkeys really like cucumbers can reward them with them but they really like grapes battering task Set up in experimental room 2 monkeys in their cages experimenter is doing a basic learning thing with them if they take the token they will be rewarded with cucumber or grapeother monkey can see what the other monkey is receivingFriday September 17 2010 Methods of Social Psychology and Social CognitionReaction time tasks interested in speed in which various tasks are performedlate 1800 dutch scientist identified that the harder a task is the longer it takes to do Usually obtained through computersPriming elicit a mood in a persontrying to make something accessible in the mind can be subliminal around 100mil sec explicityou are aware of a fearful or we emotion and rate the reaction based on its effectNon verbalverbal behaviour can be obtained many ways commonly with video This is good bc you can go back and check various things Close obsone way mirror checking things on a list while observing you Neuroscience 3 main tools refer to slideResearch and stat methodsScientific method hypothetic deductive method5 stepsVariable types Correlational design key features 2 dependent variables no experimental manipulation should be random samplingStatistical analysis correlation regression or Bayesian proper interpretations know this for midterm cannot say that correlation equals causationQuasi experimental key features there is a defined predictor and outcome IV independent variable is not manipulated theyre known groupscommon is Stratified random samplingComparisoncontrol group important bc you want to know how one groups responses compare to another groupsExample of quasi exp designtheory of mind studies take 3 and 5 year olds from this design there is a diff between 3 and 5 year olds theory of mind develops sometime during this age periodStat analysis refer to slide Experimental designs key features manipulated IV must also be random assignment to various conditions Example MDMA aka ecstacyppl believe that the drug makes you more connected to others One group given MDMA and the other a placebo randomly assigned to groups looked at the 6 emo faces were supposed to say what emotion was being expressed ppl were not more accurate when guessing the emotions of other faces when on MDMA as opposed to the placebo groups they were significantly less accurate in interpreting anger thn the control group we feel that the drug connects to other ppl bc we dont see rejectionProper interpretation of this exp is that IV causes DV Social Cognition thinking about social objectsWith cognition when we think about a non social object a non human a pen based on its properties we know wht will happen it will drop to the fall and rollthis is a normal objectsocial object is any object that can essentially think and engage in another object think about humans if you push someone you cannot fully predict what will happenthat person is thinking on their own how do we perceive understand and predict other ppl Social cognition thinkingautomatic cogsocial processes doctors make you think of nursesjust becomes relevant controlled cogwhen you sit down and take a testanswer qs focus control thinkingCognition4 main things in regards to social cogPerceptionbecoming aware of something through the senses perceiving something in the world Preattentive Processesrapid processing of complex scene anything with a lot of visual limits many ppl objects tech in one scene rapid is less than 250mscomplexlarge multielement display of info something that catches your eye Gaze detection ppl look at a face that is looking at them the person looking at you is engaging in you shown various pictures of a face looking in diff directions Processingencoding selecting information from the envir and storing it in memoryAttention selective perception Schemas a set of expectations Mental structures used to organize knowledge about the social world around themes or subjectsGuides attn and memoryonly going to pay attention to things you expect to happen A lot of incongruence we dont notice things that dont fit our schemasSelf fulfilling prophecy not only what you expect is what you get but what you create in the world how does attractiveness shape our interactionsSnyder et al experiment 1977 Storageknowledge presentationsemantic network prototype theory of categorization Objects are classified based on similarity to a prototype Eleanor rosch she taught us how we categorized and changed the way humans thought about categorization in the past humans classified based on rigid rules and particular characteristics she showed us that we don tneed to be so rigid Semantic networkchk slide idea that related concepts are stored closely together in memory One implication is the process of Spreading Activation idea that thinking about one concept will activatedistantly related concepts become inhibited when youve been primedThese
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