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1st Lecture. Everything she said.

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Lecture 1 Social Psychology: Uses scientific methods to understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of [others]; Gordon Allport 1985 will talk about other individuals that are not humans, mostly on human primates because socially, they are the most similar to us, but there are a lot of animals that exhibit social behaviors; fundamental for our success as species it’s through our ability to interact with and cooperate with others that we’ve been so successful as a specie ABCs of Social Psychology -Affect: emotions, feelings, and mood; any kind of emotional experience -Behavior: verbal and nonverbal action; what we study the most; professor talking and speaking to us considered a behavior because that’s something that went outside of herself and that we can observe which is fundamental; -cognition: thought, sensation, perception, processing, and memory; information processing; interesting from a social perspective based on ‘how do we think about others’ influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of [others]; how having someone in front of you is going to influence you or thinking about someone that is very important to you eg, your parents staring down at you while you’re taking a test, that will affect how you perform; they’re not there, but they’re imagined implied presence, thinking about other people being present that can change your behavior too so we talk about how other people are affected by other people but in a very broad sense, not just being in the physical presence of someone else but it can be a mental one other primates are influenced by others; video of Confucian monkeys; monkey really loves cucumbers; award them with it and they’re happy but they really love grapes; they would pick grapes over cucumber; in the video, they’re doing a bartering task; essentially, you’re going to see a setup in an experimental room with 2 confucian monkeys in their cages; an experimenter doing a basic kind of learning thing with them; she gives them a token; if monkey takes it, they will be rewarded with a cucumber or grape; they can see what each other are getting; experimenter will give the monkey a token, it’ll give it back and experimenter will give the monkey a reward as a result; inequality task, one monkey gets a grape, another a cucumber who throws it out of his cage or won’t take it from the experimenter’s hand; both monkey side by side in separate cages; the monkey who initially got the cucu
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