Class Notes (806,874)
Canada (492,493)
Psychology (7,610)
PSYB10H3 (543)
Lecture 3


4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Professor Page

May 24 2012 Person Perception and Social Interaction Readings- (CH. 4)pp. 96- 122 and blackboard readings - What is person perception – is a whole defined as how do we think of other people, perceive and interpret people - - Person perception come from observing behaviour - Verbal behavior – what we say to others – “your outfit is really nice” – intepretated as a compliment - Non-verbal behavior - emblems and - Emblems (non-linguistic forms of verbal behavior but are sub characterized under non-verbal) – gestures that have well understood meaning within a culture e.g. peace sign, thumbs up etc - Research on thin slices – approach within social psych focused of the attributional power of brief exposure to others - Show images really fast (e.g. face) – detecting things simply from seeing a quick image - SES (socio-economic status) In social interactions – they had people interact with other people (which was videotaped) the videotape was shown to another set of participants who were asked to predict there SES - People low in SES tend to move less and are better focused compare to high SES - Results – people were able to accurately detect parents income, mothers education and subjective SES (simply by watching the 30 sec clip) - People who are high in SES tend to groom themselves more, doodle, manipulating objects – playing with their cell phones and were less focused - Context (situation) - what we get from ones behaviour depends on the situation that surrounds the situation (a picture of someone crying vs. a picture of someone crying because she won a gold metal) - Context provides more information and can completely change attribution for what somebody is doing or saying - Schemas –are a set of expectations you have for any person, thing or situation - Attribution – an explanation for an observed behaviour of a social object (explanation cans be made both other people and are own behaviour) - Attribution are automatic – attributing behaviour to what we see - Neo-cortex – pattern matching - Internal attribution – attributing a person’s behaviour to something intrinsic to that person – behaviour caused by her internal self – personality, values, character, attitude - External attribution – attributing a person’s behaviour to something about the situation in which the behaviour occurred - Specifically not changing beliefs regarding person’s character or personality but rather a result of the situation - Correspondence bias – tendency to infer that a person’s behaviour corresponds to their disposition, personality or attitude - Internal attributes = other people - External attributes = used for our own behaviour - Fundamental attribution error - When perceiving others, you analyze their behaviour internally whereas when perceiving our own behaviour we tend use external attributes - Study Jones & Tarris - 1. Assigned to read an essay on favor on Castro or against Castro 2. Two conditions- people are told that the author of the essay was A. assigned a position (pro-or anti Castro) or B. authors choose the side they wanted to write about - Results – see slides (graph) in short, we underestimate the role of external causes when interpreting other people behaviour Explanations for the fae - - Perceptual salience – tendency to overestimate the casual role of information that grabs attention - The thing/person/act you pay attention too is what your assigning the cause too – “individual is causing the behaviour” - Why don’t we attribute our own behaviour internally? Because, we pay attention to everything outside of yourself (as you cannot see yourself) - TWO STEP PROCESS OF ATTRUBUTION – 1. Make an internal attribution 2. Attempt to adjust away from internal attribution by considering situational constraints - Fundamental attribution error – may differ culturally - Study – Gang Lu – Recent Physics PH.D from University of Lowa who believed he should of won this prestigious award however, someone else won it. As a result, he killed 4 faculty members including the other Ph.D student who won the award - In east Asian cultures people take the external factors of people’s behaviour rather than internal attributes - The Gang Lu event was perceived differently in English and Chinese newspaper - In the English newspapers Gang Lu was expressed via internal attributes whereas the Chinese newspaper expressed Gang Lu externally Co-variation theory - Assumption – people are lay statisticians (not professional, do analyses in your head) - 3 factors of attribution - consensus, distinctiveness and consistency - Consensus – does this other person behave in this way always? Behaviour unique to person - Distinctiveness- does
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.