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Lecture 3


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Elizabeth Page- Gould

May 24 2012 Person Perception and Social Interaction Readings- (CH. 4)pp. 96- 122 and blackboard readings - What is person perception – is a whole defined as how do we think of other people, perceive and interpret people - - Person perception come from observing behaviour - Verbal behavior – what we say to others – “your outfit is really nice” – intepretated as a compliment - Non-verbal behavior - emblems and - Emblems (non-linguistic forms of verbal behavior but are sub characterized under non-verbal) – gestures that have well understood meaning within a culture e.g. peace sign, thumbs up etc - Research on thin slices – approach within social psych focused of the attributional power of brief exposure to others - Show images really fast (e.g. face) – detecting things simply from seeing a quick image - SES (socio-economic status) In social interactions – they had people interact with other people (which was videotaped) the videotape was shown to another set of participants who were asked to predict there SES - People low in SES tend to move less and are better focused compare to high SES - Results – people were able to accurately detect parents income, mothers education and subjective SES (simply by watching the 30 sec clip) - People who are high in SES tend to groom themselves more, doodle, manipulating objects – playing with their cell phones and were less focused - Context (situation) - what we get from ones behaviour depends on the situation that surrounds the situation (a picture of someone crying vs. a picture of someone crying because she won a gold metal) - Context provides more information and can completely change attribution for what somebody is doing or saying - Schemas –are a set of expectations you have for any person, thing or situation - Attribution – an explanation for an observed behaviour of a social object (explanation cans be made both other people and are own behaviour) - Attribution are automatic – attributing behaviour to what we see - Neo-cortex – pattern matching - Internal attribution – attributing a person’s behaviour to something intrinsic to that person – behaviour caused by her internal self – personality, values, character, attitude - External attribution – attributing a person’s behaviour to something about the situation in which the behaviour occurred - Specifically not changing beliefs regarding person’s character or personality but rather a result of the situation - Correspondence bias – tendency to infer that a person’s behaviour corresponds to their disposition, personality or attitude - Internal attributes = other people - External attributes = used for our own behaviour - Fundamental attribution error - When perceiving others, you analyze their behaviour internally whereas when perceiving our own behaviour we tend use external attributes - Study Jones & Tarris - 1. Assigned to read an essay on favor on Castro or against Castro 2. Two conditions- people are told that the author of the essay was A. assigned a position (pro-or anti Castro) or B. authors choose the side they wanted to write about - Results – see slides (graph) in short, we underestimate the role of external causes when interpreting other people behaviour Explanations for the fae - - Perceptual salience – tendency to overestimate the casual role of information that grabs attention - The thing/person/act you pay attention too is what your assigning the cause too – “individual is causing the behaviour” - Why don’t we attribute our own behaviour internally? Because, we pay attention to everything outside of yourself (as you cannot see yourself) - TWO STEP PROCESS OF ATTRUBUTION – 1. Make an internal attribution 2. Attempt to adjust away from internal attribution by considering situational constraints - Fundamental attribution error – may differ culturally - Study – Gang Lu – Recent Physics PH.D from University of Lowa who believed he should of won this prestigious award however, someone else won it. As a result, he killed 4 faculty members including the other Ph.D student who won the award - In east Asian cultures people take the external factors of people’s behaviour rather than internal attributes - The Gang Lu event was perceived differently in English and Chinese newspaper - In the English newspapers Gang Lu was expressed via internal attributes whereas the Chinese newspaper expressed Gang Lu externally Co-variation theory - Assumption – people are lay statisticians (not professional, do analyses in your head) - 3 factors of attribution - consensus, distinctiveness and consistency - Consensus – does this other person behave in this way always? Behaviour unique to person - Distinctiveness- does
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