Class Notes (838,239)
Canada (510,787)
Psychology (7,812)
PSYB10H3 (544)
Lecture 3

PSYB10 Lecture 3.pdf

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Page- Gould

1 Lecture 3: Person Perception and Social Interaction • Person Perception => Behaviour, Context, and Schemas • Behavioral Input: • Verbal Behaviour • Nonverbal Behaviour • Emblems- gestures that have well-understood meaning within a culture; effectively nonverbal language i.e) peace sign • Power of Behavioral Input: “Thin Slices”- an approach within social psychology focused on the attributional power of brief exposure to others • Context: • Provides additional input • can completely change an attribution as a whole • i.e.)Awoman appears to be crying, but we learn she’s won an olympic medal • Schemas: • what you expect is what you get • Attribution- explanation for an observed behaviour of a social object; very automatic; pattern matching • Attribution Theory: • Internal/External attributions • FundamentalAttribution Error • Covariation Theory • do we attribute behaviour to something about the person (“internal”) or something about the situation (“external”) • Internal Attribution- attributing a person’s behaviour to something intrinsic to that person • personality, disposition, attitude, or character • External Attribution- attributing a person’s behaviour to something about the situation in which the behaviour occurred • specifically not changing beliefs regarding person’s character or personality • Correspondence Bias- tendency to infer that a person’s behaviour corresponds to their disposition, personality, or attitude [tend to assume that the way a person behaves is because of who they are] • FundamentalAttribution Error: • When Perceiving Others- tendency to overestimate the influence of internal causes for behaviour and underestimate external causes • When Perceiving Self- much more likely to attribute own behaviour to external causes • AKA“Fate” • Explanations for the FundamentalAttribution Error (FAE): • Perceptual Salience- tendency to overestimate the causal role of information that grabs our attention • Anchoring &Adjustment Heuristic • Two-Step Process forAttribution: • FAE occurs through the same process asAnchoring andAdjustment Heuristic: 2 • 1) Make an internal attribution • 2)Attempt to adjust away from internal attribution by considering situational constraints • Covariation Theory: • Assumption =>people are lay statisticians • Based on this assumption, 3 factors ofAttribution were theorized: • Consensus- behaviour unique to person =>do other people behave in this way or unique to specific person • Distinctiveness-behaviour unique to situation=> does this person behave like this with other stimuli or just a particular one • Consistency- behaviour unique to this moment in time =>does this person behaviour like this over time or just this one time 3 Patterns Lead to 3Attributions: Consensus Distinctiveness Consistency Attribution Low Low High Internal High High High External High or Low High or Low Low Situational • Self-Serving Biases: Self-servingAttributions: • • Positive outcome for Self =>explain it in terms of internal factors • Negative outcome for Self=> explain it in terms of external facto
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.