Class Notes (838,535)
Canada (510,933)
Psychology (7,812)
PSYB10H3 (544)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Elizabeth Page- Gould

Lecture 6 Types of Groups Differentiating elements of Nonsocial vs. Social Groups - group members should have the ability to interact with one another to be a social group - interaction - interdependence is needed for a group to be a social group o shared goals and space where you need and depend on one another - can switch from a social group to a non-social group o and vice versa Social Groups - groups have social norms to guide behavior o a group’s perceptions for the behaviours, values, and beleifs of its members o ex. UC Berkeley’s “Naked Guy” o group members are expected to conform to these norms o members who deviate from norms are punished or rejected  ex. UC Berkeley’s “Naked Guy”, the University tried to expel and change his behaviour - groups have well defined social roles o people tend to know what they’re supposed to be doing in the group - vary in levels of group cohesiveness Social roles - a group’s expectations for the behavior and responsibilities of various subgroups of its members o ex. Gender roles in society o prescriptions of behavior that people are supposed to fulfill - potential costs: o individual personality may be taken over by power of role o violation of social roles meets with censure from other group members Group Cohesiveness - the degree to which a group is or is perceived to be close knit and similar - in the mind of group members o cohesiveness promotes liking and in-group favoritism - in the minds of outsiders: o cohesiveness increases stereotyping of group members Social Facilitating and Social Loafing - effects of groups on individual performance - Created by an interaction of three factors: o individual evaluation o arousal  physiological arousal o task complexity  how difficult or easy a task is Social Facilitation - tendency for performance to be: o improved when doing well-learned or dominant behaviors in the presence of others o inhibited when doing less practiced or difficult tasks in the presence of others Social Loafing - tendency for people to perform worse on simple tasks and better on complex tasks if they are in a group and not being individually evaluated Evaluation - evaluation apprehension o concern about being judged/evaluated - socio-evaluative threat o extreme evaluation apprehension o body responds with stress hormone, cortisol o cortisol constricts blood vessels in hippocampus inhibiting memory and learning Group Decision Making - group polarization - group think - Jury decision making Group Polarization - tendency for groups to make decisions hat ate more extreme than the initial inclinations of their members o can be a shift to either greater risk or greater caution o has both informational and normative explanation  we value information that other people have, so we sometimes put aside our own beliefs to take into consideration someone else’s information  the normative explanation happens when norms happen where people do not express their beliefs because they think the group holds a different belief, and they do not want to fall outside the norm Group think - a mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved on a cohesive in-group, when the members’ strivings for a unanimity override their motivation to realistic
More Less

Related notes for PSYB10H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.