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Lecture 18

Lecture 18 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Lecture 18 Social Power and Hierarchy Social hierarchy Describe everything being talked about Implicit or explicit o Implicit or explicit is that we may be very clear of who is in higher status or conversely or might not know definitively that someone is higher in rank but we know it in an associative level. You dont have to say that you have more power, you can just sense that and that would be implicit social ranking o Rank order in order for something to be hierarchy there has to be at least two levels. One level of status or power that is slightly above the other. o Valued social dimension people are ranked according to what matters to the group that is doing the ranking. Social Power We think of resources like money but in animals or social groups food matters a lot or water, but also such as businesses could be supplies to do your work The person who has power decides how to allocate these resources how much money theyre going to pay the janitors in the corporation compared to the managers Power Hierarchy Income level reflects your social power People who are really rich are said to have more social power Social Status Closely related to power A lot of people confuse these two concepts Status exists in the eyes of other people and it is conferred to people by other people You cant create your own status You can do things to make people respect you or admire you more, but it is those other people that choose what your status is Status Hierarchy Another subtype of a social hierarchy, when there is a rank ordering according to the amount of respect from others Power hierarchy will change when your control over resources change but with status hierarchy will change if no one likes you anymore Formal Hierarchies Explicit Everybody knows what the roles and ranks are Roles vary by rank order Higher ranking roles have higher value Formal hierarchy is a company you have your board, your CEO, vice presidents, unit directors, managers within those unites, and then unique project directors and then normal employees Defined set of roles and those roles are clearly defined People move between roles Reporting structures company for example will have to fill out reports and send that report to somebody and who they send that report to is higher in that status Organizational charts ceo at the top, vice presidents underneath them, if you can form a chart then its a formal hierarchy Greater value in the hierarchy positions The sources of value are both control over resources and deferences from subordinates less likely to insult the chair of my department because that would be stupid Because of that, he is in a subordinate position and so you would be more polite to them than you might be to someone else Typically an assumption of legitimacy in formal hierarchy If I meet a professor who is a full professor, then I know they went through the whole song and dance You have to publish and do groundbreaking things to become a professor
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