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Lecture 18

Lecture 18

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Lecture 18 Social Power and Hierarchy Social Hierarchy An implicit or explicit rank order of individuals or groups with respect to a valued social dimension (there are subtypes mentioned later) o An implicit or explicit rank order of individuals or groups with respect to a valued social dimension o We may be very clear about social status OR we might not know definitively (we might know it at an associative implicit level you dont need to say it, you can sense it) o Rank order: there has to be at least two levels (one level of status or power that is slightly above the other) o Valued social dimension: Criteria used to rank people within social hierarchies. People are ranked according to what matters to the group doing the ranking Social Power An asymmetric control over valued resources in social relations Based in resources, which belongs to an actorsocial object (resources can be money, food, safety, water, supplies, powerallocation of resources) Low managers vs. high mangers and their control of resources Power Hierarchy One type of social hierarchy Rank-ordering of individuals with respect to the amount of resources each controls More common in formal hierarchies but can work at a national level Social power Social Status The extent to which an individual or group is respected or admired by others Exists entirely in the eyes of others and is conferred by them Deals with liking and respect, NOT resources You cant necessarily control how others view you Status Hierarchy A rank-ordering of individuals or groups according to the amount of respect accorded by others Changes only as the amount of respect for a target individuals or group changes o Example: if no one likes you anymore your status quickly changesrespect Another type of social hierarchy Types of Social Hierarchies Formal hierarchies: An explicitly-set social roles that vary by rank order, with higher-ranking roles holding greater value o People move between roles, but the hierarchy exists apart from the individuals who fill a given role at a given time (such as a large company: CEO, VP, Region Managers, Store Managers, Assistants, Employees, Contractors) o Very clearly defined roles and ranks o Signs of a Formal Hierarchy:
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