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Chapter 8- Group Processes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

Chapter 8 Group Processes Group - a collection of two or more people who interact with each other and are interdependent, in the sense that their needs and goals cause them to rely on each other. - Groups can include school teams, family, campus groups, community groups, temporary groups (classmates in a school project) etc. - Group membership also plays an important role in motivating people to become involved in social change. - A group cannot be known as a group if it involved many people. For example a college or university you attend is not a social group, because you are unlikely to meet and interact with every student there. - Another important feature of groups is that the members tend to be alike in age, sex, beliefs, and opinions. Social roles - shared expectations by group members about how particular people in the group are suppose to behave. - Ex a boss and an employee in a company occupy different roles and are expected to act in different ways in that setting. - People ca get so into a role that their personal identity and personality is lost. Example participants either were the prison or the guard for two weeks. Wanted to see whether they began to act like real prisoners or guards. They wanted to see if they actually become that role they were playing. - Gender roles are also involved when it comes to social roles. Women are seen to become a house wife and a mother, whereas men are seen to pursue a career and bring in the income. Group Cohesiveness - How tightly knit the group is - Qualities of a group that bind members together and promote liking among them. - Would you rather spend your free time with people who you dont really care about for each other ot with a tightly knit bunch of people who feel commiited to each other. Example, you find a bunch of friends who like to go watch movies. Social Facilitation - when the presence of others affectsenergizes us - the tendency for people to do better on simple tasts, but worse on complex tasks, when they are in the presence of other and their individual performance can be evaluated. - the presence of others can mean one of two things:
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