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Lecture 9

Social Psychology Lecture 9.docx

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Social Psychology Lecture 9 in group social group to which you belong your sex ethnicity UofT community clubs you belong too out group any social group to which you do not belong york uni student perceive them to be similar to each other intergroup processes situations cognitions beliefs and feelings that arise when people from diff group interact with or think about each other social identity theory why do we even form these groups in our mind why do they effect what we dodiffuse but interrelated set of social psychological theory about when and why people behave as if they are in a groupconcept that a group is only your group to the extent that you identify with it associate it with ourselveswe all have a need forself regard feel good about our selves we have a personal identity that gives us a sense ofself regard through your own achievementswe also achieve this through the groups we belong to 4 components of social identity theoryCategorization in absence of this there is no group identity we naturally organize people into social groups we have a tendency to want to organize our worldcognitive miser a short cut heuristic we tend to categorize people based on shared featuresminimal group highly context specific minimal group paradigm create in groups and out groups from minimal set of shared featuresIdentification it increases your self esteem all of the effects are dependent on how much you identify with your in groupComparison in group is only an in group if theres an out group to compare with in group favoritism tendency for us to see our in group as good we think its better out group derogation belief that the out group is bad across a bunch of characteristic its how we maintain our self worthPsychological Distinctiveness desire to see our group as diff from othersrealistic conflict theory argues that the reason we have group is bc the world is filled with limited resources by forming groups group based biased has affect behaviour and cognition aspects Stereotypes the cognitive component a schema we have about members of other groups set of expectations beliefs about diff characteristics prejudice affective component your attitudes towards that person is only based on their group judge someone before you know them on basis of group membership discrimination behaviour component unjustified negativeharmful action towards member of group simply bc theyre in a group stereotyping usually stereotypes are broad generalizations typically trait based but can also depend on contextegalitarian ideologies egalitarians dont stereotype most of the time they know about the but dont apply them to new people people who are prejudice dont even try to control it
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