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PSYB10 - Lec 7 (near verbatim) - Initial Attraction and Close Relationships.doc

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

PSYB10 Lec 7 Initial Attraction and Close RelationshipsAttractionoMisattribution of arousal bridge experiment more likely to call if they were approached by attractive female when they were scaredoProximity aka propinquity the more likely you are able to interact with the more the more likely that youll be able to form close relationships w themPropinquity effect the more we see and interact w another person the more likely we are to like themProximity occurs thru process of familiarityFamiliarity Mere exposure effect the more exposure you get to a neutral object the more you come to like it you only like something more the more that you are exposed to it if the object is something is not something that you already dont like if object is something that you dont like the more that youre exposed to it you hate it even moredifference between proximity and familiarityproximity has to do w the more you see and interact w another person distance propinquity effect specifically refers to other human beingssocial objects whereas familiarity mereexposure effect is more general doesnt have to be other pplbc this is more general familiarity mereexposure is how we explain how proximitypropinquity effect worksMIT Dorm Study1950s trying to predict who would become friends w each otherdorms w people who were graduate students and their spouseswhos friends with whomlocation of your apartment predicted who you became friends with much more likely to become friends who were next door neighbors 41if even 2 doors apart 22 of ppl were friends drastic cutoff even w just a small increase in distanceopposite ends of the hall only 10 friendsapartments 1 and 5ppl at the base of the stairs had more friends than any other groupmore friends from the second flood alsohad opportunity to interact w the other ppl therepropinquity effect is just an observation of the real world where the closer you are the more you interact w ppl and the more you like them think its due to a more general sort of cognitive process that we like that arefamiliar to usof times something is exposed to uskey way to know a stimulusResearch on Mere Exposureconfederate sits in front of class for 015 classes everybody will see him and he isnt in the actual class but they just glance at him like any other person end of semesterrated how much ppl liked the confederatefound that it was directly related to the amount of exposure they had to the confederate more they say confederate liked them even morewe like mirror images of ourselves more than we like photos of ourselves and our friends like photos of us more than they like the mirror image friends see you straight on what you get from photo but you always see mirror so thats what you like bc you see it more oftemwhy does proximity promote attractionavailabilityaccessibility heuristics the more you can bring a certain person into mind the more you are integrating them into your conceptsthe more you see someone the more likely you will think of the person that youve seen repeatedlybc it suggests similarity we like ppl who are like us we assume that ppl who have the same classes as us etc have similar habits preferences as usmere exposuresimilarity or complementarityFalse dichotomyTwo different phrases that captures opposite processes but we think that theyre both true opposites attract VS similars attractResearch shows that similarity promotes liking more than complementarityFor the most part we like ppl who are like ustells us we are good kind of validate ourselves if ppl have similar belief systems values and preferencesthen I feel good about them because someone else feels the same wayoStudy Dorm Roommate studyRandomly assigned w roommateBeginning of the year measured personality values beliefs etcAt the end wanted to see who would become friends w their roommates Similarity predicted friendship formation above and beyond anything elseTheres a level at which the opposites attract saying is still true very specific to traits such as dominance and submissivenessthese are better as oppositesThere are only a few very specific traits in which being opposites is actually betterReciprocity Liking
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