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PSYB10H3 (543)
Lecture 7


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University of Toronto Scarborough
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June 23 2012Lecture 7Initial Attraction and Close Relationships Propinquity effect Proximitythe more we see and interact with other people the more likely we are to become our friendsOccurs through the process of familiarity Mere exposurethe more exposure you get to a neutral object the more you will like it does not apply if the object has negative qualities more GENERAL than proximity If your exposed to something you dont like you dislike it more as your exposed to itMIT Dorm Study 1950married graduate student dorms the location of your apartment predicted who you became friends with You were much likely to be friends with your next door neighbor41 2 doors apart22 ndopposite hallways10 and apartments 1 and 5 had more friends from 2 floor We like things that are familiar to usthingspeople we see often Moreland and Beach 1992methodconfederate sits in front row of class for 015 classes at the end of the semester students rate liking of confederateResultsthe more that they see him the more directed they were to say they liked him Mere exposure ofyour own faceswe tend to prefer our mirrorimage way more than a photograph image whereas friends prefer photography imageThis is because we are used to seeing ourselves in the mirror where as when friends see us they see us like photographs Why does proximity promote attraction 1 Availabilityaccessibilitythe number times you see someone and think of 2 Because it suggests similaritywe like people who are like us similar to us 3 Mere exposure Complementarity opposites attract Similarity birds of a feather flock together Research supports the idea that similarity promotes likingst Study Newcob 1961methodrandomly assigned 1 year college roommates measured all sorts of personality traits attitudes etcand then looked at friendship formation after first year Traits of dominance and submissiveness tend to be better in relationships than both partnersbeing dominate or submissivethus in this cases opposite attractThe study however showed that similarity wins and was a better predictor of friendship formationReciprocal liking We dont like to admit we like someone because we want to make sure the opposite person feels the same before admitting itWe like people better if they like us Basic cues of liking in a social interactionif people are making a lot of eye contact is a individual difference some people are nervous thus they constantly look away leaning in behavioral cue and attentive listening social capital If people begin to mimic others that means you may like them Less true for people with low esteemnegative self concept Reciprocitywe like who like us Study Curtis and Miller 1986method randomly pair participants tell one participant that their partner either does or does not like them partner and participant interact and postinteraction liking is measured 1
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