Class Notes (839,081)
Canada (511,183)
Psychology (7,812)
PSYB10H3 (544)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2.docx

9 Pages
104 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB10H3
Professor
Elizabeth Page- Gould

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 9 pages of the document.
Description
PSYB10 Lecture 2 Profs Speech Purple Slide 3 The Self - An individual consciousness of ones own identity; an identity that is unique from others - At the highest level, the self is your concept of who you are o Feelings, observations, and thoughts play a role in our sense of identity Slide 4 Self-awareness - Awareness of the self as (being a distinct object) an entity that is distinct from others and the environment - Tested with the Mark test (aka rouge test) o An experimenter exposes participant (usually a child) to a mirror, child plays in front of the mirror and when not paying attention, experimenter puts a mark on child (nose/cheek) If the child touches own fact, know its themselves with mark on face If the child reaches for the mirror, think its someone else with mark on face Slide 5 Levels of the Self - Minimal self - Objectified self - Symbolic self (/Narrative Self) Slide 6 Minimal Self - Conscious experience of the Self as distinct from the environment o All humans and animals have minimal self o Occurs through double stimulation touching podium demo. we can feel the feeling of podium on hand, but cant feel the feeling of hand on podium Ex: I touch your arm with my hand, I feel your arm with my hand, you feel my hand on your arm, but it doesnt work the other way around If I touch my own arm, I can feel my arm in my hand, and my hand around my arm Slide 7 Objectified Self - Cognitive capacity to serve as the object of ones own (or others) attention - What is most captured with the mark test - Cognitive ability to reflect on yourself and recognize that other people can hold you in their attention Slide 8 Symbolic Self - Ability to form an abstract mental representation of oneself through language - Only humans have symbolic self because language is involved Slide 10 Self-schema - Used to refer to how the self-concept is organized in your head - Cognitive representation of the self-concept; how you organize knowledge about the self o The concepts/words in your semantic network that are associated with your sense of self o Guides processing of self-related information Slide 13 Measuring the Self-concept - The 20 statement test is one of the oldest approaches o I am ___ (x20) o Personality descriptors (i.e. messy, smart, caring), social roles connections to other people (i.e. parent, sister) Slide 16 Self-complexity - The depth and complexity of your Self-concept - Operationalized as the number of distinct aspects used to define the self-concept o Distinct aspects as opposed to aspects that can be grouped together into one (i.e. athletic, fit, runner) Slide 17 Measuring the Self-schema - Implicit personality test - Screen showing personality traits, in response to each trait, press Me or Not me Slide 18 Self-schema - Markus (1977) invented the self-schema o Participants: 101 college students o Method: students took the explicit personality test how much does each trait describe you o Results: focused on speed to classify the trait independent Divided participants in independents, aschematics, dependents Aschematics means anti-schema, non-schematic; if aschematic in this study, dont think about the self with regard to independence Slide 20 Global vs. Contextualized Self - Global self-concept o I am ___ - Contextualized self-concept o I am ___ when ___ o Buffers negative feelings after failure Slide 21 Working Self-concept - Similarly working memory - Certain aspects of self-concept will be more or less accessible based on what is currently going on - Self-schema can be different in the morning than at night because of experiences throughout the day - A subset of your self-concept that is presently accessible o Things in the memory that are most currently accessible - What goes in the working self-concept? o The following become activated Recently primed aspects of the self Contextually distinctive aspects central aspects of self chronically accessible Slide 22 Self-concept centrality - Some aspects of the self-concept are more personally important to you than others - Central aspects are chronically accessible in the semantic network Slide 23 Measuring Self-concept centrality - Bullseye test circle with Me written in it, write traits that describe the self, more important traits are written closed to the centreSlide 25 Self-evaluative Maintenance - If someone close to you outperforms you in a particular domain, then: o You will be threatened if the domain is central to your self-concept o You will be proud if the domain is not central to your self-concept - If domain is central to the self-concept: (threat) o Distance self from relationship o Distance self from task domain in which you were outperformed Way to maintain positive self-evaluation If cant distance from either, results in negative evaluation - If domain is not central to self-concept (pride) o Only applies if the person is close to you o Vicarious self-esteem boost o Magnitude of self-esteem boost is proportional to closeness of relationship Slide 27 Self-handicapping - Strategy to buffer the self from an anticipated failure or embarrassment by undermining ones own performance o You anticipate that you are going to fail, sometimes then engage in certain processes that set them up to fail, so that when failure happens its situation, not selfs fault - Sheppard and Arkin (1989) o Participants: 100 college students o Method gave students a survey/test and there were told that test predicts future success/happiness OR that the test was not diagnostic of anything, and then told that the study was about how music affects performance choose tape cassette o
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit