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Lecture 2

Lecture 2.docx

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

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PSYB10 Lecture 2 Profs Speech Purple Slide 3 The Self - An individual consciousness of ones own identity; an identity that is unique from others - At the highest level, the self is your concept of who you are o Feelings, observations, and thoughts play a role in our sense of identity Slide 4 Self-awareness - Awareness of the self as (being a distinct object) an entity that is distinct from others and the environment - Tested with the Mark test (aka rouge test) o An experimenter exposes participant (usually a child) to a mirror, child plays in front of the mirror and when not paying attention, experimenter puts a mark on child (nose/cheek) If the child touches own fact, know its themselves with mark on face If the child reaches for the mirror, think its someone else with mark on face Slide 5 Levels of the Self - Minimal self - Objectified self - Symbolic self (/Narrative Self) Slide 6 Minimal Self - Conscious experience of the Self as distinct from the environment o All humans and animals have minimal self o Occurs through double stimulation touching podium demo. we can feel the feeling of podium on hand, but cant feel the feeling of hand on podium Ex: I touch your arm with my hand, I feel your arm with my hand, you feel my hand on your arm, but it doesnt work the other way around If I touch my own arm, I can feel my arm in my hand, and my hand around my arm Slide 7 Objectified Self - Cognitive capacity to serve as the object of ones own (or others) attention - What is most captured with the mark test - Cognitive ability to reflect on yourself and recognize that other people can hold you in their attention Slide 8 Symbolic Self - Ability to form an abstract mental representation of oneself through language - Only humans have symbolic self because language is involved Slide 10 Self-schema - Used to refer to how the self-concept is organized in your head - Cognitive representation of the self-concept; how you organize knowledge about the self o The concepts/words in your semantic network that are associated with your sense of self o Guides processing of self-related information Slide 13 Measuring the Self-concept - The 20 statement test is one of the oldest approaches o I am ___ (x20) o Personality descriptors (i.e. messy, smart, caring), social roles connections to other people (i.e. parent, sister) Slide 16 Self-complexity - The depth and complexity of your Self-concept - Operationalized as the number of distinct aspects used to define the self-concept o Distinct aspects as opposed to aspects that can be grouped together into one (i.e. athletic, fit, runner) Slide 17 Measuring the Self-schema - Implicit personality test - Screen showing personality traits, in response to each trait, press Me or Not me Slide 18 Self-schema - Markus (1977) invented the self-schema o Participants: 101 college students o Method: students took the explicit personality test how much does each trait describe you o Results: focused on speed to classify the trait independent Divided participants in independents, aschematics, dependents Aschematics means anti-schema, non-schematic; if aschematic in this study, dont think about the self with regard to independence Slide 20 Global vs. Contextualized Self - Global self-concept o I am ___ - Contextualized self-concept o I am ___ when ___ o Buffers negative feelings after failure Slide 21 Working Self-concept - Similarly working memory - Certain aspects of self-concept will be more or less accessible based on what is currently going on - Self-schema can be different in the morning than at night because of experiences throughout the day - A subset of your self-concept that is presently accessible o Things in the memory that are most currently accessible - What goes in the working self-concept? o The following become activated Recently primed aspects of the self Contextually distinctive aspects central aspects of self chronically accessible Slide 22 Self-concept centrality - Some aspects of the self-concept are more personally important to you than others - Central aspects are chronically accessible in the semantic network Slide 23 Measuring Self-concept centrality - Bullseye test circle with Me written in it, write traits that describe the self, more important traits are written closed to the centreSlide 25 Self-evaluative Maintenance - If someone close to you outperforms you in a particular domain, then: o You will be threatened if the domain is central to your self-concept o You will be proud if the domain is not central to your self-concept - If domain is central to the self-concept: (threat) o Distance self from relationship o Distance self from task domain in which you were outperformed Way to maintain positive self-evaluation If cant distance from either, results in negative evaluation - If domain is not central to self-concept (pride) o Only applies if the person is close to you o Vicarious self-esteem boost o Magnitude of self-esteem boost is proportional to closeness of relationship Slide 27 Self-handicapping - Strategy to buffer the self from an anticipated failure or embarrassment by undermining ones own performance o You anticipate that you are going to fail, sometimes then engage in certain processes that set them up to fail, so that when failure happens its situation, not selfs fault - Sheppard and Arkin (1989) o Participants: 100 college students o Method gave students a survey/test and there were told that test predicts future success/happiness OR that the test was not diagnostic of anything, and then told that the study was about how music affects performance choose tape cassette o
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