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Lecture 2

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Lecture 2 (09/17/12) • The self: an individual consciousness of one’s own identity (Feelings, observations, and thoughts) • Self awareness: awareness of the self as an entity that is distinct from others and the environment • Mark’s test (Rouge Test) can be passed by all humans around the time they are 1.5 years old or older • Orangutans can also pass the test, but not other species • Baboons do not have a self • Theory of mind: 3-4 years of age, you are distinct from people and different thoughts • The self-awareness occurs before theory of mind • Minimal Self: conscious experience where the self is distinct from the environment (ex. Feeling of touching something) • Objectified self: (The Mark Test) ability to see their self through the mind, reflect on their self • Symbolic self: (Narrative self)ability to form an abstract mental representation of oneself through language • Self-Concept: concept of who you are (everything you know about yourself) • Self-Schema: How the self-concept is organized in your head, guides processing of self-related information • Twenty Statements Test (TST): It is used in measuring the self-concept using, Personality Descriptors (ex. Messy, studious), Social Roles (athlete, best friend) • Self-Complexity: the depth and complexity of your self-concept • Measuring the self-schema by Implicit Personality Test • Implicit Personality Test: you’ll see series of pop-ups on a computer and choose either ME or NOT ME (100ms~ difference in reaction time) • Hazel Markus’ test: used flags, reaction time were much slower than IPT, focused only on one trait (independent, dependent, aschematics) • Aschematics: non-schema, don’t think about one self (“meh…”) • Global self-concept: “I am...” • Contextualized Self-concept: “I am… when…”(buffers negative feelings after failure) • Working self-concept: self-concept that is presently available (primed), recently primed aspects of self, contextually distinctive aspects, “central” aspects of self • Centrality of self-concept: some aspects of self-concept are more personally important to you than others, chronically accessible in the semantic network • Bull’s eye test: (measure centrality), putting characteristics that define you near to the centre • Consequences of centrality: -self-evaluative maintenance: if someone close to you outperforms you in a particular domain then: you will be threatened if the domain is central to your self-concept, but proud if the domain is not central to your self-concept -self-handicapping: strategy to undermine one’s performance -self-v
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