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Friday September 24.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Elizabeth Page- Gould

Friday September 24, 2010 The Self II Multiple Selves - Do we have just one view of the self? No - *independent self is driven by sense of who am i in contrast to the world? Interdependent self - **idea of who we are and who we might want to be one day- Possible selves - Self discrepancy theory torrie Higgins- one of his biggest theories- you have 3 selves; 1 is acual self (who you are unrelated to any ideas of other possibilities), 2 nd is ideal self- torrie believes you have one that is dominate in your life (this is the rd person you ideally want to be), 3 is the Ought self (who others think you should be). Not multiple domains within the self types. When there is a large discrepancy between actual and ideals selfs results in greater symptoms of depression. When big discrepancy between ought self and actual self it results in higher levels of anxiety. - Self-esteem- self evaluative component of the Self concept. Not just i am this but i am this and it is good or bad. Is overall level of good versus bad. GLOBAL SELF ESTEEM- average level self esteem; how good do you feel about yourself. - STATE SELF ESTEEM- Self-esteem that fluctuates based on situation/context. State self esteem is the part of your self esteem that changes on a typical basis based on whats been primed. This type of self esteem is supposed to change rapidly. - IMPLICIT SELF ESTEEM- Sociometer theory argues that the need to belong is evolutionary adaptive and self esteem monitors the likelihood of social exclusion. The idea of the Sociometer is like a gauge- internal monitor of social acceptance/rejection- cannot directly test this theory. Perceived regard- is how we believe we are viewed by others. SELF SERVING BIASES- - Self enhancement- usually compared directly to self verification (very central traits; want ppl to see you the way you see yourself). - Power illusions- - Social comparison- evaluation of oneself by comparing the self to others. Two types- one is upwards comparison (when you compare to someone better off than you. Downward comparison- comparison of the self to someone who is worse off than you- is very common. Many ppl do it to make themselves feel better. Who we are as a function compared to other ppl. The Self in the Brain- the self resides in the brain- the prefrontal cortex. Two key areas that seem to be important for Self processes. - Medial prefrontal lobe- judgments about Self show more activity in this part of the brain. - Right prefrontal lobe- self recognition (seeing yourself in a mirror and recognizing its you) diff from previous bc this has to do more about perception. How do they do
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