Friday September 24, 2010 The Self II
- Do we have just one view of the self? No
- *independent self is driven by sense of who am i in contrast to the world?
- **idea of who we are and who we might want to be one day- Possible selves
- Self discrepancy theory torrie Higgins- one of his biggest theories- you have 3
selves; 1 is acual self (who you are unrelated to any ideas of other possibilities), 2 nd
is ideal self- torrie believes you have one that is dominate in your life (this is the
person you ideally want to be), 3 is the Ought self (who others think you should
be). Not multiple domains within the self types. When there is a large discrepancy
between actual and ideals selfs results in greater symptoms of depression. When big
discrepancy between ought self and actual self it results in higher levels of anxiety.
Self-esteem- self evaluative component of the Self concept. Not just i am this but i am this
and it is good or bad. Is overall level of good versus bad. GLOBAL SELF ESTEEM- average
level self esteem; how good do you feel about yourself.
- STATE SELF ESTEEM- Self-esteem that fluctuates based on situation/context. State
self esteem is the part of your self esteem that changes on a typical basis based on
whats been primed. This type of self esteem is supposed to change rapidly.
- IMPLICIT SELF ESTEEM-
Sociometer theory argues that the need to belong is evolutionary adaptive and self esteem
monitors the likelihood of social exclusion. The idea of the Sociometer is like a gauge-
internal monitor of social acceptance/rejection- cannot directly test this theory.
Perceived regard- is how we believe we are viewed by others.
SELF SERVING BIASES-
- Self enhancement- usually compared directly to self verification (very central traits;
want ppl to see you the way you see yourself).
- Power illusions-
- Social comparison- evaluation of oneself by comparing the self to others. Two types-
one is upwards comparison (when you compare to someone better off than you.
Downward comparison- comparison of the self to someone who is worse off than
you- is very common. Many ppl do it to make themselves feel better. Who we are as
a function compared to other ppl.
The Self in the Brain- the self resides in the brain- the prefrontal cortex. Two key areas that
seem to be important for Self processes.
- Medial prefrontal lobe- judgments about Self show more activity in this part of the
- Right prefrontal lobe- self recognition (seeing yourself in a mirror and recognizing
its you) diff from previous bc this has to do more about perception. How do they do