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Social lec 19.docx

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Kevin Page

Social lec 19 Ingroup : a social group to which you belong. Whatever ingroup you identify with the most would be the aspect you are thinking about yourself at the moment. Outgroup: a group to which you don’t belong. Ex: a York student. It depends on your perspective of what is your ingroup then you figure out your outgroup. Intergroup processes: situations, cognitions, beliefs and feelings that arise when people from different groups interact with or think about each other. Social identity theory: a diffused interrelated set of social psychological theories about when and why individuals identify with and behave as a part of social groups. -assumptions: we wanna think we are good people. Have a positive self regard. We can try and be good people. Done thorugh our own self achievements. And done through identification with the achievements of the social group we belong too. when your group does good, makes you think you are good cause you are part of the group. 4 main concepts of social identity theory: 1. Categoriazation: if we don’t categorize there are no groups for intergroup processes. People naturally group people into groups. Through this categorization we can create ingroup outgroup distinction. Why do we categorize? Laziness, easier to get know who you are like. (old way) cognitive miser (new way) its we have limited cognitive resources that we must conserve. Categorize people on basic shared features or when you can trivially create minimal groups. Cognitive miser: intelligent way of going about. We use our cognitive resources. we’ll move faster through the world by saying this person is one of them, then move to the next person. It’s a form of heuristic, but trade off speed for accuracy lazy: didn’t care, easier. Minimal groups: in groups and out groups formed on the trivial, highly context specific features. Their paradigm is used a lot. It creates in groups and outgroups from very minimal conditions. By simply telling someone about something, you see an array of behaviors. Study: participants were asked to guess the number of dots on a page. Assigned overestimation and underestimaters. Paradigms show that the impact of group categorization is profound and can have consequences either as you seen ingroups or outgroups. 2. Identification: bolster, suppoer your self esteem. It is the process of associtating th
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