Social lec 12
Decision making heuristics. We make decisions fast and effectively.
Emotion: psycho physiological response to an event felt subjectively and prepares a person for
Moods, sentiments, personality traits,and arousal such as sleepiness are not emotions.
Difference between mood and emotions: moods can not be expressed, moods last longer than
emotions, emotions are aroused by something specific, moods are not expressive. Emotions are
more extreme than moods.
There are 6 basic emotions: we all share them. The complex emotions are combos of the 6.
SADSFH (Sadness, Anger, Disgust, Surprise, Fear, Happiness)
Positive emotions: what make you feel good. Mostly complex rise and then fall
-contentment: involves a level of satisfaction
-amusement: laughter , happiness and surprise
-desire: the want
-love: think of a person then you feel love.
Self conscious emotions: complex and elicitedby the self
-pride: has to do with something you are proud of
-shame: ashamed of yourself, you’re the target
-guilt: self focused, you feel bad for something you did, someone else is target
To measure emotions
Self report: we ask you tell, for example on a scale 1-10
Facial EMG: we convey emotions with the muscles on our face. Even when you are not trynna
show anyone else your facial muscles will respond to emotions. (facs as well)
Know currogator supercili, the eyebrow muscle detect surprise anger
Know succinator, lips muscles, smiles if
Orbicularis occuli the eye, predicts smiles true smiles, if the eye scrunches
Levator labi: disgusts wrinkle nose.
Specific muscles convey specific emotions
EMG can capture very subtle facial movements.
FACS code overt facial expression. They number the muscles as a facial action movement. Look
at a facial display, what muscles were activated, put the numbers together to come out with an
emotion. A specific emtion will put together certain numbers depending on the muscles used.
Components of emotions Emotion complex definition.
Temporal component: emotion is not only a physiological response but also a cognitive
response and behavioral channels. Its all of those.
Physiological component: there is the peripheral nervous system involved (outside brain and
spinal cord), central nervous system (brain and spinal cord)
-peripheral nervous system: includes sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. When
there is a call to actions your gonna see activities of the peripheries. Peripheries have to do with
how aroused are we.
-central: amygdale- fear and anger are closely processed there. It’s a relay center.
Hippocampus has to do with laughter, if you lesion hippocampus, people can get uncontrolled
laughter. The frontal cortex has everything else all other activity.
-inference: emotions can not be examined by just looking physiological states alone, you need
proper inference such as physiological profiles and location, to understand arousal intensity and
possible circuits . so you can’t identify someones emotions from their state alone.
James lange theory of emotion: there are specific bbodily profiles that tell us what emotions we
are feeling. An emotional stimulus are always going to elicit feelings. When you feel fear there
is something specific that happens in terms of your body. You react before you really know y
when encountered with a threatening stimulus. Ex: