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Developmental Psychology lecture 1.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Hywel Morgan

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY 1. Introduction ◦ Why study developmental psychology To answer questions like what is this infant seeing, how is he processing things, what is he seeing what is the role of parents in terms of genetic material they have provided combined with environment What is development? • systematic means developmental changes are ordered and pattern to distinguish between temporary changes vs real change ◦ is changing hair developmental change or learning language as a kid What is the science of development? Childhood in Medieval times (6-15 centuries) • how did we get here • view of children ◦ e.x they dont have responsibility to vote, are supposed to have early education, etc but historically was it same view? ◦ in medieval times children were seen as kids playing and having fun only, different beings portrayed in their paintings ◦ 14th century actually had books on childcare directed to parents ◦ religious text showed children as pure and innocent and close to angels ◦ children were depicted as need of purification due to possessed with devil so two different concepts of children existed Childhood in reformation (16century) • original sin and puritians ◦ they were born evil, stubborn and they needed restraining and cilvilization ◦ harsh child rearing techniques to keep them from following their natural inclinations ◦ physical punishments were ok during those times ◦ but at the same time reasoning was used to teach the kid right from wrong ◦ self reliance was preferred by puritians more of voluntary from child's side John Locke and british empricists • rejected concept of innate ideas; original sin • locke concieved child as a blank state; no ideas at all (tabula rasa) ◦ experience taught kids ◦ moulding by parents was considered ◦ however this view was a head of time ◦ rewards or praise would be more effective vs physical punishment • two important conceptual points ◦ idea of continuos development ◦ importance of nurture tabula rasa led to importance of nurture of env. child is passive John-Jacques Rouss
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