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Lecture note- Self-concept

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Lisa Dack

Self-Concept, Identity and Motivation Erikson: Provided a framework for understanding childrens psychological development Believed that development is a lifelong process Placed more emphasis on social than biological influences in his theory - believed that children are continuously facing new developmental tasks or issues they must somehow resolve as they mature - positive and negative outcome for each stage - how children and adults dealt with each stage Trust vs. mistrust: Erikson really believed that if infants have their basic needs met they will develop trust with the world Autonomy vs. First four years of life, children need to develop sense of independence, Initiative vs. guilt: Kids are developing a sense of purpose and responsibility dont live up to expectations can develop guilt Industry vs inferiority: Kids have to start work and cooperating with others and figuring out what their strengths are or otherwise start feeling inadequate Identity vs role confusion Intimacy vs. isolation Generativity vs. stagnation Integrity vs. despair Most of his research was done on men educational implications: children need secure environment to develop a sense of trust, need supportive adults, teachers are adults in childrens lives children need opportunities to develop their strengths children need to learn about different options when searching for their own identity (high school example, including future careers into lessons) Foundations of Social and Emotional Development Attachment: The close effective relationship between a child and one or more caregivers Kids develop a close relationship with someone who they feel securecomfortable with Know that their caregiver will come back for them Video: Mary Ainsworth: infants developing love for their primary caregiver: life long emotional bond The strange situation Four kinds of attachment Securely attached: is upset when parent leaves, but fairly easily soothed, recover fairly quickly, when caregiver comes back, they are happy to see them
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