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Lecture 12

Lecture 12

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Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 Lecture 12 Intro - There are limits to trait concept and explanatory behaviour. Talk about characteristic adaptations new domain of constructs, what are the stylistic ways to which we adapt to environment Includes: Motivational constructs Cognitive constructs Developmental constructs David McClellan pioneered study of several motivationsneeds, implicit motive motivational quality that exists inside us but outside our conscious awareness, He pioneered study of implicit motivation in area of need of achievement and later power and intimacy. McClellans definition of motive: recurrent preference or readiness for a particular quality of experience. Which energizes, directs and selects behaviour in certain situations. Motives are like a lens, way of filtering ones experience into kinds of qualities that are most meaningful to us. Motives are different from traits, traits refer to what, motivational constructs reference questions that begin with why why someone has done something for example What is the motive underlying or residing behind our behaviour, motives are different from traits. Motivation vs. conscious intention There are some motives that are known to us, we have access to them, McClellan felt there were certain motivations that were only partly accessible to consciousness they play profound role in shaping our cognition, perception and behaviour. How do you measure something that people are not aware of? McClellan pioneered method used by Henry TAT, Thematic Apperception Test, consists of standardized sequence of cards which depict pictures, participant is instructed to look at picture and write a story. Notion is that pictures themselves dont have fixed stories embedded in them, they are ambiguous, and therefore the story told is intrinsic to the person telling it. We project all of our motivationsconcerns onto characters in the story we are creating. Achievement motive believed need for achievement was implicit motivation and as a result we would need to rely on measures of implicit constructs like TAT in order to access them. How can we reply on TAT to access peoples motives? You need a scoring system, code the stories people have written, more themes related to achievement, presumably the more achievement motivation they have. How do you create a scoring system? This is the subject of a great deal of study. The way they created it was to begin
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