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Lecture 13

Lecture 13

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Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 13 The Self following from human social motivation Human need as an invariant psychological universal that characterizes all people and does not vary meaningfully from one person to the next. Classical Humanism Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow Self-determination theory of basic psychological needs to what extent should goals is consistent with needs if such needs exist if we are to grow and thrive and flourish? Humanism emerged in 20 century as third organizing force in North American psychology. Psychology dominated by 3 traditions: psychoanalysis, behaviourist adopted much more clinically neutral view of human nature, whereas psychoanalytic view was quite dark behaviourist approach tried to be morally neutral products of our learning histories, third movement is humanistic movement in comparison to other two adopts more optimistic view of human condition humans are essentially good, a positive developmental trajectory. Humanists are often attending to surrounding environment is environment supporting or restricting for development we are rational, capable of conscious intention and purpose, capable of autonomous self regulation Psychoanalytic dark, pessimistic view of human nature Behaviourist Morally neutral Humanist positive and optimistic view of human nature Key figure in humanist tradition is Carl Rogers Trained as psychotherapist but Rogers understood to know how to make people better you have to know where things go wrong, he also offered a theory of personality Convinced at the foundation of things a singular motivation underlying all human behaviour organism has one basic tendency and striving to actualize, maintain and enhance True self person we are intended to become, environments that will support this development and environments that will derail it How do you know choice you are making is the right one? Rogers speculated theres a mechanism that informs us as to whether we are not taking growth promoted steps Organismic valuing process people dont need to be told what the right thing to do is because all of us have intuitive structure that feeds back to us that informs us whether or not the choices we are making are enhancing or derailing Assuming that surrounding environment supports one social development and presuming we listen to our Organismic valuing process we are on the road to becoming a fully
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