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PSYB30H3 (526)

Week 1

11 Pages
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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Week 1 Lecture: Introduction Overview of Week 1 Lectures Part I. Introduction Part II. Scientific Theories Part III. Freud Part I. Introduction The Origin Theories Introduction The scientific study of the person Human Evolution We are products of the evolutionary process Gender, Society, & Culture We are products of contemporary socialization processes - Personality psychology is the scientific study of the individual and individual differences - Goal of personality psych is to bring all the various aspects from the sub disciplines of psychology into a singular view of the individual - Personality is at the heart of the discipline; it relays the findings and theories from one subfield of psych to another Level I. Personality TraitsDispositions Sketching the Outline General, internal, and comparative dispositions accounting for the consistencies we perceive or expect in behavior across situations and time Person-Situation Controversy Heredity-Environment Controversy Continuity vs. Change of Traits over Time - The various theories of personality can be understood as answering 3 separate questions about people - Each of these questionslevels speaks to the question of what is it we know when we know a person - Various theories of personality speaks more or less to each of these various levels - Personality Traits o Tell us about people at first acquaintance o Personality traits are therefore the psych of strangers o They are extremely consequential o They are an outline, sketch of the individual - At the next level, we try to fill in the blanks of the sketch that is drawn out by the personality traits Level II. Characteristic Adaptations Filling in the Details Adaptations to the motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges that people confront across the life span Goals & Strivings The Self & Social Cognition Stages of Life-Span Development - What it is beyond personality traits is it that we need to know to fully understand a person? - We are going to need to know whats on their mind, what they are concerned about, what they are motivated to achieve Level III. Life Stories Integrating a Life Internalized and evolving narratives of the self that integrate past, present, and future to provide life with a sense of unity and purpose Imagery, Theme, Character Standards of Good Life-Story Form Psychotherapy as Revision of the Life Story - Even knowing their traits and characteristic adaptations, there are still more to know about a person - What is missing is what we know about a person when we know them best - Beyond all that, we are all in the process in crafting a life story, summarizing past and organizing the future into a coherent whole - Role of psychotherapy as revisiting and constructing a life story to make a better sense out of the events that has happened to us and to look to the future with a unified sense and purpose Overview of Part II Constructs, Theories, & Testable Hypotheses Desiderata for a Theory of Personality The Legacy of Sigmund Freud Scientific Theories Explicitly defined CONSTRUCTS Linked by correspondence RULES
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