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PSYB30H3 (526)

Week 9

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Marc A Fournier

Week 9 Lecture: Life-Span Development Overview of Week 9 Lectures Part I. Erik Homburger Erikson Part II. Identity & Intimacy Part III. Generativity Overview of Part I Erik Homburger Eriksons Theory of Psychosocial Development STAGES TASKS ISSUES VIRTUES STRENGTHS Erik Homburger & Erik Erikson The Outsider The time when he was neither excepted by the Jewish(mother) or the protestant (father) community The Wandering Artist In his early 20s, left home and travelled around Europe as an artist until age 25 The Psychoanalyst At 25, he landed a teaching position at a small school associated with a psychoanalytic society; decided to become a psychoanalyst and went to training; before being trained he had to undergo psychoanalyst The American He left Vienna and moves to America and adopted a new name Erik Erikson Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts The Epigenetic Principle The idea that personality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of development stages Each stage confronts us with development challenge, tasks or issue These challenges need to be confronted It is not necessarily the case that these conflicts will be resolved Favorable Balance These virtues must strike a balance between competingalternative outcomes Optimal Time For each of these tasks there is an optimal time It is crucial that we undertake each challenge at the right time Development cannot be rushed or stalled; it has to precede according to its developmental sequence Virtue Virtue is a psychosocial strength that comes from adequately addressing a psychosocial challenge Triple Bookkeeping The idea that an individuals life must be understood on 3 complimentary levels of analysis Body The various sexual and libidinal urges that are housed within the body The Ego The individuals conscious understanding of the world Family Society The individuals developmental history and its historical, social, cultural context Stage I Infancy (0-1 yrs) Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust The mothers bond with the infant during this time is central to the child and presents a central question to the child Can I know that I will be fed? Comforted when distressed? Maladaptation (excess): Sensory Distortion To become excessively trusting (gullible) Can fail in this development task by being too trusting Malignancy (deficiency): Withdrawal Which can take the form of depression, paranoia, suspicion Can fail in this development task by not being trusting enough Virtue: Hope The belief that things will work out in the end (positive outcomes); This virtue equips the child to confront adversities later in life; to know or have the belief that there will be positive outcomes in the end Stage II Toddlerhood (2-3 years)
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